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Poisonings, aircraft crashes and falls from home windows: What occurred to Putin’s most vocal critics | World Information

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Alexei Navalny has turn out to be the most recent in a string of deaths of critics of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Over his greater than twenty years on the prime of the Kremlin, plenty of Mr Putin’s opponents have suffered unlucky fates – together with being jailed, shot {dead} on the street, or poisoned with tea spiked with polonium-210.

Follow live – Putin critic dies after ‘feeling unwell’ and ‘losing consciousness’

Who’re the individuals who have dared communicate out in opposition to Mr Putin or defy the Kremlin, and the place are they now?

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Alexei Navalny seems on video hyperlink from the IK-3 penal colony. Pic: Reuters

Alexei Navalny

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Born to manufacturing facility homeowners in a village west of Moscow, Alexei Navalny grew to turn out to be maybe the highest-profile critic of Mr Putin’s time in energy.

His political activism, together with in depth investigations into high-level corruption and operating to be mayor of Moscow, gained him fame – and plenty of believed he posed a risk to Mr Putin.

It was in August 2020 when his battle in opposition to the Russian president hit the worldwide headlines.

Mr Navalny fell gravely ill on a flight from Siberia to Moscow and he was flown, nonetheless in a coma, to Berlin.

His workforce accused the Kremlin of poisoning him, a cost the Kremlin denied.

German medics confirmed that he had been poisoned with novichok – a Soviet-era nerve agent – and his restoration took months.

Regardless of the hazard, Mr Navalny elected to return to Russia the place he was later arrested, convicted on prices he says are politically motivated, and sent to a Russian penal colony.

Russian officers stated Mr Navalny died in prison.

Watch particular programme on Navalny’s loss of life at 9pm on Sky Information

Boris Nadezhdin speaks during a meeting of the Russia's Central Election Commission in Moscow, Russia.
Pic: AP
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Boris Nadezhdin speaks in Moscow. Pic: AP

Boris Nadezhdin

Opposition politician Boris Nadezhdin declared that he would run in opposition to Mr Putin within the 2024 presidential election.

Regardless of doubts that the 60-year-old may current a critical problem to the incumbent chief, Mr Nadezhdin stated he had gathered greater than 200,000 signatures from throughout Russia.

He had stunned some analysts along with his robust criticism of what the Kremlin calls its “particular army operation” in Ukraine, calling the struggle a “deadly mistake” and vowing to attempt to finish it by negotiations.

On 8 February, he stated he had been barred from running in the election and the Central Election Fee stated it had discovered flaws in signatures his marketing campaign had collected.

He vowed to attraction to Russia’s supreme courtroom, including: “Participating within the presidential election in 2024 is crucial political resolution of my life. I’m not giving up on my intentions.”

Chatting with Sky Information final yr, Mr Nadezhdin stated he was not afraid of talking out “as a result of I’ve a protracted life” and he had confronted loss of life a number of occasions.

In this image taken from video released by Razgruzka_Vagnera telegram channel on Monday, Aug. 21, 2023, Yevgeny Prigozhin, the owner of the Wagner Group military company speaks to a camera at an unknown location. (Razgruzka_Vagnera telegram channel via AP)
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From hotdog vendor to Wagner Group mercenary chief. Pic: Razgruzka_Vagnera telegram

Yevgeny Prigozhin

The ascension of Yevgeny Prigozhin from a sizzling canine vendor to the boss of a personal military which marched on Moscow was exceptional.

His Wagner Group mercenaries had been infamous each for his or her brutality in Ukraine but additionally their affect in Africa.

Prigozhin grew to become more and more daring in his criticism of the Russian army and its prime command.

A wreckage of the private jet linked to Wagner mercenary chief Yevgeny Prigozhin is seen near the crash site in the Tver region, Russia, August 24, 2023. REUTERS/Marina Lystseva
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Wreckage of the personal jet that crashed with Yevgeny Prigozhin on board. Pic: Reuters

When his forces started a march on Moscow from the southern metropolis of Rostov it gave the impression to be the most important problem to Mr Putin for many years, however the obvious coup try fizzled halfway to the capital.

In August 2023, he died a fiery loss of life when the private plane he was on crashed north of Moscow, elevating suspicions of Kremlin involvement.

The Kremlin denied assassinating Mr Prigozhin, calling accusations of Mr Putin’s involvement “an absolute lie”.

A man holds a portrait of the killed journalist Anna Politkovskaya as a woman lights up a candle during a commemorative rally in St.Petersburg, October 7, 2009. Three years after the murder of Politkovskaya, her family voiced doubts on Tuesday about the guilt of two men accused of a role in her killing and the Kremlin's will to catch the main suspects. REUTERS/Alexander Demianchuk (RUSSIA CRIME LAW CONFLICT POLITICS)
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A commemorative rally in St Petersburg for journalist Anna Politkovskaya in 2009. Pic: Reuters

Anna Politkovskaya

On 7 October 2006 – Mr Putin’s birthday – journalist Anna Politkovskaya was shot within the foyer of her house constructing.

Earlier than her loss of life, she had specialised in investigating human rights abuses in Chechnya and corruption extra broadly.

Her killing led to claims that Mr Putin had not finished sufficient to guard the media.

He described the homicide as “abominable in its cruelty” and commented that her loss of life precipitated extra issues for the Kremlin than her work.

Learn extra:
How a KGB agent rose to the top of the Kremlin
Who is jailed opposition leader Alexei Navalny?

Former deputy prime minister and Union of Right Forces (SPS) presidential candidate Boris Nemtsov speaks during an interview at Echo of Moscow radio station in Moscow December 26, 2007. Veteran liberal politician Nemtsov withdrew from Russia's presidential race on Wednesday, saying the opposition needed to put forward a single candidate in the March election. REUTERS/Denis Sinyakov (RUSSIA)
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Boris Nemtsov speaks in Moscow in 2007

Boris Nemtsov

A former deputy prime minister of Russia underneath President Boris Yeltsin, Boris Nemtsov was a fierce critic of Putin and a distinguished opposition chief.

He had been engaged on a report analyzing Russia’s position within the battle in Ukraine in 2015.

However, aged 55, he was killed earlier than it was completed. Mr Nemtsov was shot {dead} on a bridge simply metres from the Kremlin as he walked residence at night time along with his girlfriend.

Five men were found guilty of organising and finishing up the contract killing. Zaur Dadayev, an officer in Chechen chief and Putin ally Ramzan Kadyrov’s safety forces, was discovered responsible of firing the deadly photographs.

The Kremlin denied involvement within the killing.

Prominent anti-corruption blogger Alexei Navalny (L) speaks with opposition leader Garry Kasparov during a protest demanding fair elections in central Moscow March 5, 2012. Thousands of protesters chanting "Russia without Putin" took to the streets of Moscow and St Petersburg on Monday to challenge Vladimir Putin's victory in a presidential election which international monitors said was unfair. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin (RUSSIA - Tags: POLITICS ELECTIONS CIVIL UNREST)
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Alexei Navalny speaks with Garry Kasparov throughout a protest in Moscow in 2012. Pic: Reuters

Alexander Litvinenko

A former agent with the Russian FSB safety service, Alexander Litvinenko fled Russia and finally gained British citizenship.

He had accused Mr Putin of corruption and likewise blamed him for the notorious Moscow house bombings which Mr Putin, then prime minister, had used as a motive to begin the Second Chechen Conflict in 1999. It proved vastly common and helped carry him to energy.

Litvinenko died in November 2006, weeks after ingesting tea that had been poisoned with polonium-210, a rare and very potent radioactive isotope.

The poison was ingested throughout a gathering with two Russian spies on the Millennium Resort in London and the killing is thought to have been signed off by Putin himself. Russia has all the time denied any involvement.

Garry Kasparov

Considered one of many best chess gamers of all time, Garry Kasparov has been dwelling in exile in New York since 2013.

The previous world champion had turn out to be an impassioned campaigner in opposition to Mr Putin’s rule and took half in among the mass opposition road protests organised by Alexei Navalny.

He has stated he fears arrest were he to return to Russia.

Ravil Maganov, right, with Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2019
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Ravil Maganov with President Vladimir Putin in 2019. Pic: Reuters

Ravil Maganov

The chairman of the board of Russia’s second largest oil producer Lukoil, Ravil Maganov had brazenly criticised the struggle in Ukraine.

In an announcement in March 2022, the board known as for the “soonest termination of the armed battle” and expressed “honest empathy for all victims”.

It added: “We strongly assist a long-lasting ceasefire and a settlement of issues by critical negotiations and diplomacy.”

In September that yr, 67-year-old Mr Maganov died after apparently falling from a sixth-floor window on the Central Medical Hospital in Moscow.

Paul Klebnikov. Pic: AP
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Paul Klebnikov. Pic: AP

Paul Klebnikov

Investigative journalist, Paul Klebnikov, an American of Russian descent, was killed outdoors his workplace in a drive-by capturing in Moscow in 2004.

He was the editor of Forbes Russia and had written about corruption.

Forbes had additionally printed a listing of the nation’s richest folks.

Natalia Estemirova
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Chechen journalist and activist Natalia Estemirova. Pic: Reuters

Natalia Estemirova

Natalia Estemirova was an award-winning human rights campaigner who had collected proof of abuses in Chechnya for the reason that begin of the second struggle there in 1999.

She was kidnapped close to her residence on 15 July 2009 within the Chechen capital, Grozny.

A number of hours later her physique was present in an space of woodland, with gunshots wounds to the top and chest.

Then president Dmitry Medvedev rejected claims that Chechnyan chief Ramzan Kadyrov was accountable and urged the killing had been carried out to discredit the Kremlin.

Maria Maksakova (2nd R), widow of Russian former lawmaker Denis Voronenkov who was recently killed by an assailant, and Russian former parliamentarian Ilya Ponomarev (R) attend a burial service at a cathedral in Kiev, Ukraine, March 25, 2017. REUTERS/Valentyn Ogirenko
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Maria Maksakova, widow of Denis Voronenkov, at his memorial service in Ukraine. Pic: Reuters

Denis Voronenkov

A former Russian politician, Denis Voronenkov was an outspoken critic of Mr Putin.

Beforehand a member of the communist faction within the decrease home of Russian parliament, Mr Voronenkov fled to Ukraine in 2016 and was granted Ukrainian citizenship.

He was shot and killed in Kyiv in March 2017.

Ukraine’s then president Petro Poroshenko described his killing as an “act of state terrorism” by Russia – an accusation rejected by the Kremlin.

Russian oligarch Boris Berezovsky arrives at a division of the High Court in London January 18, 2012. Russian billionaire and owner of Chelsea football club Roman Abramovich and Berezovsky are locked in a $6 billion legal battle in London's Commercial Court, with Berezovsky accusing his former protege of intimidating him in 2000 into selling shares in oil company Sibneft at a fraction of their value. REUTERS/Stefan Wermuth (BRITAIN - Tags: CRIME LAW ENERGY SOCIETY)
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Russian oligarch Boris Berezovsky. Pic: Reuters

Boris Berezovsky

Former billionaire Boris Berezovsky had been dwelling in exile in Britain since 2000 when he was found dead in 2013.

He made his fortune in Russia within the Nineteen Nineties throughout the mass dump of state belongings following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

As soon as extremely wealthy, in his later years his fortune is believed to have dwindled.

James Nixey, head of Chatham Home’s Russia programme, beforehand described him as “essentially the most virulently anti-Kremlin, anti-Putin of the oligarchs”.

“He was actually prepared to spend his cash, what little he had left, in an try to make use of it to finish the present regime in Russia.”

Mr Berezovsky was discovered {dead} at his residence in Berkshire. An inquest recorded an open verdict amid conflicting proof about the best way his physique was discovered hanged.

Sergei Skripal and his daughter were targeted in novichok attack in Salisbury
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Forensic employees in Salisbury after the poisoning of Sergei Skripal and his daughter. Pic: PA

Sergei Skripal

Previously a colonel with Russian army intelligence earlier than leaving in 1999, Sergei Skripal went on to work on the nation’s international ministry till 2003.

He was arrested in Moscow a year later and confessed to having been recruited by British intelligence in 1995.

He stated he had given info to British intelligence about Russian brokers in Europe in return for round $100,000 (£79,300).

Mr Skripal was jailed however later launched in a spy swap and moved to the UK.

In 2018, alongside along with his daughter, he was poisoned with the nerve agent novichok however the pair survived the assault.

The Kremlin denied that Russia was in any approach concerned within the poisoning, describing British accusations that an assault had been authorised by senior Russian officers as “unacceptable”.

Sergei Yushenkov was shot dead in 2003 Pic: AP
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Sergei Yushenkov was shot {dead} in 2003 Pic: AP

Sergei Yushenkov

Liberal Russian politician Sergei Yushenkov was shot {dead} in a Moscow suburb in 2003.

A member of the State Duma and former colonel within the Soviet military, Mr Yushenkov was shot a number of occasions outdoors his house constructing.

He had been concerned in establishing the Liberal Russia Celebration, which had achieved full registration simply hours earlier than he was killed.

Mr Yushenkov had been prepared to talk out in opposition to Putin and the struggle in Chechnya.



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