Archaeologists have discovered a room with beds and various other items in a villa near Pompeii. The discovery sheds light on the living conditions of slaves in an ancient Roman city buried by a volcanic eruption.
The room discovered by archaeologists near Pompeii is in excellent condition. It features three wooden beds and a range of other items including amphoras, ceramic pitchers and a cooking pot.
“This is an important discovery that enriches our understanding of the daily life of ancient Pompeians, especially the social class about which little is still known,” Italian Minister of Culture Dario Franceschini said on Saturday. Under Roman law, slaves were considered property and had no legal personality.
A small room
The outdoor room is not very big – it has an area of 16 square meters. There is a window up high. It is possible that it served not only as a bedroom, but also as a storage place – in one corner there were eight amphoras, or pots made of baked clay.
It was found near the site where the ceremonial carriage was discovered earlier this year – near the stables of the villa in Civita Giuliana, about 700 meters north of the ancient walls of Pompeii.
They could be family
On one of the beds, archaeologists discovered a wooden box containing objects made of metal and fabric that were most likely parts of a horse harness. On the second, a vehicle mechanism was found.
The researchers measured the beds – two were 1.7 meters long and the third was only 1.4 meters. This allows speculation that the room may have been inhabited by a small family of slaves, the Ministry of Culture reported.
Pompeii, located 23 kilometers southeast of Naples, was home to some 13,000 people. In 79 AD, the entire city was buried under ash, pumice, and dust after the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius. They were discovered only in the 16th century.
Main photo source: Reuters