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Record population growth in Canada

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In 2022, Canada’s population increased by more than a million people for the first time in history, mainly due to a sharp increase in the number of immigrants and temporary residents, Reuters reported, citing Statistics Canada.

The total population increased by a record 1.05 million people to 39.57 million in the twelve months to January 1, 2023, and about 96 percent of of growth is the result of international migration, the statistical agency reported.

Record population growth in Canada

Growth helped Canada maintain its position as the fastest-growing G7 country in terms of population, with a population growth rate of 2.7%. “Maintaining this rate would lead to a doubling of the population in about 26 years,” the agency said.

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Canada depends on immigration to fuel its economy and sustain its aging population, and the Prime Minister’s Liberal government Justin Trudeau has sharply increased immigration since taking power in 2015, explained Reuters.

He added that Ottawa also has special temporary admission programs for people affected by crises such as war in Ukraineinstability in Afghanistan or recent earthquakes in Turkey and Syria.

In 2022, Canada welcomed 437,180 immigrants and the number of non-permanent residents increased by 607,782. Both numbers are all-time highs and reflect “higher immigration targets and a record year for immigration processing,” the statistical office Statscan said.

Reuters explained that the statistical agency counts both permanent and temporary residents, plus new births when calculating the population.

Canada has seen an increase in employment since September, with the statistical agency reporting that residents are a significant contributor to that increase.

Immigration accounts for nearly 100 percent of Canada’s workforce growth, and by 2036, immigrants are projected to make up about 30 percent of Canada’s population, up from 20.7 percent in 2011, the Canadian Immigration Department said.

As part of the three-year plan announced in November, the Trudeau government wants to continue to increase annual immigration targets, with the goal of granting permanent residence to 465,000 people in 2023 and increasing this goal to 500,000 people by 2025.

Main photo source: Shutterstock

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