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Thursday, February 22, 2024

Report scrutinizes US efforts to rebuild post-quake Haiti

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SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — The U.S. Company for Worldwide Growth constructed solely half of eight main tasks meant to assist Haiti get better from a devastating 2010 earthquake, a federal audit report mentioned Thursday.

The U.S. Authorities Accountability Workplace additionally discovered that a lot of the company’s tasks have been delayed, needed to be scaled again or turned out to be costlier than deliberate.

The report is the most recent one to scrutinize how billions of {dollars} have been spent to assist Haiti within the aftermath of the magnitude 7.0 earthquake that the Haitian authorities estimates killed some 300,000 individuals.

USAID tasks to rehabilitate rural roads, broaden an influence plant at an industrial park and construct a $4.2 million port in northern Haiti have been canceled. As well as, solely about 900 out of 4,000 deliberate properties have been constructed, given unanticipated excessive prices, the audit discovered.

“Pursuing overly bold plans resulted in delays, price will increase, lowered scopes, canceled actions and a pricey redesign,” the 93-page report mentioned.

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The report mentioned USAID didn’t utterly or persistently monitor or assess the outcomes of infrastructure tasks.

The company additionally failed to investigate the effectiveness of its efforts to develop Haiti’s Nationwide Police via coaching, tools and technical help, the report mentioned. But it surely added that political instability, violence and civil unrest hampered efforts to assist a police pressure that’s overwhelmed by highly effective gangs that management greater than half of the capital of Port-au-Prince.

The report mentioned USAID construct a $74 million energy plant and improved 24 well being and public amenities as a part of a unbroken $89 million well being infrastructure program.

The audit additionally discovered that USAID improved native tax programs, elevated HIV testing and associated companies and helped farmers entry agricultural markets and negotiate higher costs for his or her merchandise by way of a cell communications system.

Total, USAID spent $2 billion serving to Haiti rebuild and develop within the fiscal years 2010 to 2020, the audit mentioned.

“These actions have been vital to supporting Haiti after a sequence of devastating catastrophes and setbacks, however their effectiveness isn’t absolutely identified,” the report mentioned.

USAID mentioned it has taken steps to make enhancements, together with awarding a brand new contract to gather and analyze information to scrutinize present and previous efforts.

The workplace of Haiti’s prime minister didn’t return a message asking for touch upon the report’s findings.

Haiti remains to be attempting to get better from the 2010 earthquake in addition to a magnitude 7.2 quake that struck in August 2021, killing greater than 2,200 individuals and damaging greater than 130,000 buildings.

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