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Tuesday, December 7, 2021

Satan, satanic blood beetle – a fungus. Where it grows, what it looks like, is it poisonous

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In the forest in Wielkopolska, the habitat of the devil’s blood beetle, known as Satan, has been found, informed the Regional Directorate of State Forests in Poznań. It is a poisonous fungus that has been under strict protection for several years, and it can only be found in a dozen or so places all over the country. “To protect the mushrooms and their surroundings from destruction”, foresters do not reveal where exactly this discovery was made.

Devil’s bloodbomb (Rubroboletus satanas), called Satan, is such a rare species of fungus found in Poland that there are only a dozen or so places where it can be found – noted Piotr Grześ from the Regional Directorate of State Forests in Poznań (RDSF).

Satan is a mushroom considered critically endangered

– Since 2014 (Satan) has been under strict protection and is considered a critically endangered species. So far, its best known sites are located in the Kaczawskie Mountains and in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland – Grześ pointed out.

The head of the Forest Protection Department of the Regional Directorate of State Forests in Poznań, Marlena Kowalkowska, noted that the recently discovered bloodborne beetle is the first devil found in the Poznań directorate. – The location of the site remains undisclosed in order to protect the mushrooms and their surroundings from damage. Of course, the forest inspectorate in which it was found will take care of it and ensure that the habitat of this unusual fungus survives in peace – Kowalkowska assured.

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The devil’s bloodbugShutterstock

The devil’s bloodbug. Where it grows what it looks like

The devil’s blood beetle belongs to the boletus family. It occurs in Europe and Western Asia in deciduous forests, especially under beeches and oaks growing on calcareous soils.

Satans have white-gray hats, the diameter of which can be up to 30 centimeters. The barrel-shaped body of the fungus under appropriate conditions turns an intensely blood-red color, hence its generic name – bloodborne beetle. Satan’s hat and shaft will turn blue when touched. Aging specimens emit a characteristic unpleasant smell.

The devil’s bloodbugShutterstock

The devil’s bloodbug. Poisonous mushroom

The devil’s blood mushroom is a poisonous mushroom. Its consumption causes severe gastrointestinal ailments. The toxins in the raw fruiting body cause gastroenteritis, eventually triggering a combination of diarrhea, vomiting, seizures, and abdominal pain.

As foresters emphasize, due to the few areas of occurrence and the unpleasant smell of fruiting bodies, reports of poisoning with this fungus are rare.

Mushroom poisoningPAP

Edible mushrooms in Polish forests

In Polish forests, there are 1.4 thousand. edible mushroom species. According to foresters, the average Pole recognizes about 15 species of mushrooms, and an experienced mushroom picker recognizes about 40 species.

The Poznań RDSF reported that an average of about 100,000 people are harvested in Polish forests each year. tonnes of mushrooms with a market value of approximately PLN 700 million.

Also read: How to identify poisonous from edible mushrooms

Most often confused mushroomsPAP

Main photo source: Shutterstock (illustrative photo)

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