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Siewiera to an almost empty room. “NATO deterrence starts with the buttons on your desktops”

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Deterring NATO starts with the buttons on your desktops – said the head of the National Security Bureau, Jacek Siewiera, who presented to the Sejm the presidential bill on the activities of state authorities in the event of an external threat to state security. Siewiera spoke to an almost empty room.

The presidential bill on the activities of state authorities in the event of an external threat to state security assumes the transformation of the General Command of the Types of Armed Forces and the Operational Command of the Armed Forces into the Command of the Joint Types of Armed Forces, which will be subordinated to the recreated commands of individual types of armed forces (Land Forces, Air Force, Navy). Navy, Special Forces and WOT).

The bill was submitted to the Sejm for the first time in August last year. Due to the fact that the chamber did not deal with it before the elections, the bill had to be submitted again in the new term.

Siewier in the Sejm, the room almost empty

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The head of the National Security Bureau, Jacek Siewiera, said from the parliamentary podium that this is an “initiative that will provide structure and proper organization to the armed forces and the defense response system and state defense management.”

– On behalf of the President of the Republic of Poland, the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, I appeal for these changes in this act with a very non-political title to take the form of changes to the strategic act, providing a new architecture for the armed forces – he said.

As he added, “this work continued during the previous parliament and continues today.” – And they may be the strongest signal that the Polish state will send beyond its eastern border. Ladies and gentlemen, your high chamber, Mr. Marshal, deterring NATO begins with the buttons on your desktops, added Siewiera, addressing the individual MPs present in the meeting room.

The head of the National Security Bureau, Jacek Siewiera, speaks in the Sejm session PAP/Paweł Supernak

President Andrzej Duda emphasized on Tuesday in Riga that the act contains solutions aimed at strengthening the regulations on the use of weapons by the military. – Work on these projects is to begin in the Sejm this week and we trust that they will respond to current needs, giving soldiers safer and clearer options for using weapons in the event of a threat – he added.

He also emphasized that the new regulations will regulate many other issues resulting from the need to defend Polish borders and respond quickly in emergency situations.

What does the project involve?

The project on strengthening the state's ability to counteract threats was submitted to the Sejm again at the beginning of May. As reported by the National Security Bureau at the time, the presidential initiative envisages introducing changes in the military and non-military areas that will strengthen the capabilities to counteract hybrid threats, subliminal threats and direct armed aggression. “The solutions are a response to changes in the security environment, including new forms of threats from the Russian Federation directed against Poland and other European Union and NATO countries,” the National Security Bureau said at the time.

According to the justification for the project, “the proposed changes are aimed at eliminating identified ambiguities in the areas of competence of public authorities and military bodies, eliminating areas of discretion in decision-making processes and thus ensuring compliance and proper implementation” of the article of the constitution regarding civilian and democratic control of the Armed Forces RP.

As emphasized, it is also necessary to clarify existing solutions, including: in order to “guarantee a quick decision-making process in the event of threats arising in a state of constant state defense readiness.”

It was noted that the project implements the second stage of the reform of the management and command of the Polish Armed Forces. As part of the reform, the Operational Command of the Types of Armed Forces and the General Command of the Types of Armed Forces are to be transformed into the Command of the Joint Types of Armed Forces. Individual commands of the armed forces are to be established: the Land Forces Command, the Air Force Command and the Navy Command.

The project assumes the subordination of the Territorial Defense Forces to the Commander of the Joint Forces, the creation of Medical Troops and the Armed Forces Support Forces as a specialized component responsible for the medical support of troops subordinated to the Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Army.

The aim of the proposed solutions is to strengthen the state security management system by increasing the coordination of activities, exchange of information and immediate response by public authorities, the Speakers of the Sejm and Senate and the command bodies of the Polish Armed Forces.

The regulations also provide for the introduction of a new tool, permanent defense plans, aimed at ensuring the ability of the Polish Armed Forces to immediately respond to emergencies. “They include, among others, counteracting undesirable activities in cyberspace” – it was indicated. The regulation is intended to be a response to the threats resulting from the use of modern technologies to the detriment of the state.

The project assumes strengthening the defense planning system in the country by introducing regulations regarding the main planning documents, i.e. the Political and Strategic Defense Directive of the Republic of Poland, the Defense Response Plan of the Republic of Poland, national plans for the use of the Armed Forces to defend the state and the main and detailed directions of development of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland.

The justification for the bill referred to a high-level simulation exercise conducted in January 2023, in which the president, as well as representatives of the then government and the previous parliament, as well as other state institutions, participated.

“The exercise showed that the current situation of the security environment (…) requires adjustment or specification of the scope of responsibilities of the main state defense management bodies,” it was written. The conclusions after the exercises – it was noted – indicated, among others: the need to involve the marshals of the Sejm and Senate in the state defense management system, clarifying the regulations regarding the Political and Strategic Defense Directive and the involvement of “key state defense management bodies” in the operational planning process of the Armed Forces at each of the key stages.

Main photo source: PAP/Paweł Supernak



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