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slippery. They return to the examination of “the grave of Chrobry”. They want to find out who put it there

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It was built by the soldiers of King Bolesław the Brave, or maybe soldiers of the Napoleonic army? Is it, however, “the grave of Gothic princesses”? All these questions are negatively answered by archaeologists, who in August will again examine the burial mound in Ślipcz (Lubelskie Voivodeship), called by the locals “the grave of the Brave”. The thesis that it could have been made by nomads from the East is taken into account. If so, it would be the first such barrow discovered in Poland.

– Of course, this mound has nothing to do with the first king of Poland, but the locals used to call it “the grave of the Brave”. It is true that in 1018 Brave’s army could pass this way on their way to Kievan Rus and on their way back, but neither the king rests in the barrow, nor was the barrow erected in the 11th century. It was not built by the soldiers of the Napoleonic army, who in 1812 were returning from a failed expedition to Moscow, because such theses also appear in oral traditions – says Wiesław Koman, an archaeologist from the Zamość branch of the Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments in Lublin.

In August, excavation works begin in one of the burial mounds in Ślipcze in the commune of Hrubieszów, where last year archaeologists found, among others, numerous burnt human bones, fragments of vessels – including those made on a potter’s wheel – as well as metal and glass ornaments. They also found a small fragment of charcoal, which – as it turned out after conducting research – comes from the period between the 4th and 2nd centuries BC.

Excavations began last year Barbara Niezabitowska-Wisniewska

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Archaeologist: if it turned out that it was built by Scythians or Sarmatians, it would be a sensation

– Only that none of the people who lived in the Hrubieszów Valley at that time built barrows at that time. So it is possible that it was erected by nomadic peoples from the east – Scythians or Sarmatians. If we were able to confirm this, it would cause quite a sensation, because it would be the first burial mound of these tribes discovered in Poland – says Dr. hab. prof. Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin Barbara Niezabitowska-Wiśniewska, who directs the research.

SEE ALSO: Thousands of figurines have been found in the ruins of an ancient Greek sanctuary

He adds that the discovery of a piece of charcoal has also refuted the theory that it is “the grave of Gothic princesses.”

– The Goths, who stayed in these areas from the end of the 2nd century to the mid-5th century AD, did have their cemetery here, but it was located at the foot of the barrow – the archaeologist points out.

Archaeologists are looking for an answer to the question of when the mound was built Barbara Niezabitowska-Wisniewska

The point with these “principles” is that in Goth cemeteries discovered in Poland, mostly female and child graves are found. There are very few male graves.

– As the burial mounds, regardless of the era, were always erected for people who were the highest in the social hierarchy, hence the term “grave of Gothic princesses” – explains our interlocutor.

SEE ALSO: Archaeologists’ find is not a Roman sewing tool, but a “toy” for adults?

Not Goths and not Slavs. The trail falls on the culture from thousands of years ago

He adds that the Goths did not erect the mound, and certainly the Slavs, who came after the Goths at the beginning of the 6th century, did not do it either – points out prof. Niezabitowska-Wiśniewska.

Therefore, he takes into account the thesis that the mound was erected much earlier, in the late Neolithic period, i.e. around 2800 BC.

In Gothic graves, for example, glass beads Barbara Niezabitowska-Wisniewska

Doubts may be dispelled by this year’s research

– In this case, the creators of the barrow would be the population of the so-called the Corded Ware culture (formerly it was called the battle ax culture, due to the large number of axes found in graves – editorial note) – our interlocutor points out.

Perhaps all these doubts will be dispelled during this year’s work (they will be carried out by the Institute of Archeology of the Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in cooperation with the Hrubieszów Commune Office and the Stanisław Staszic Museum in Hrubieszów) and archaeologists will determine who built the mound.

They will examine another fragment of the barrow Barbara Niezabitowska-Wisniewska

Main photo source: Barbara Niezabitowska-Wisniewska

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