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St Martin’s croissants – history and tradition, where to buy certified croissants. Celebrations on November 11 in Poznań

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Traditional name day of St. Marcin in Poznań will once again take place in a changed form. Again, the COVID-19 pandemic is to blame. Because of it, there will be no St. Martin, the ceremonial handing over of the keys to the city and the final concert. For the whole long weekend, there will be a St. Martin’s croissant fair.

The celebration of November 11 in Poznań has been different for years than in the rest of the country. Two circumstances are celebrated in the capital of Wielkopolska: Independence Day and the name day of one of the main streets of the city – Święty Marcin Street. The main element of the day-long event is a traditional parade with stilt walkers, pipers, acrobats and musicians. At its head, St. Marcin surrounded by legionnaires. The procession culminates in the handing over of St. Marcin gives the keys to the city gates. On this day, there is also a fair, where you can buy traditional pastries, St. Martin’s croissants, at numerous stands.


There will be no pageant. Where to buy croissants?

A year ago, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the name day of Św. Marcin took place in a changed form. This year it will be similar. All due to the growing number of coronavirus infections. – For this reason, we give up all events that could gather too many people at one time, such as: St. Martin, the Solemn Handing Over of the Keys to the City or the Final Concert. Our decisions are additionally conditioned by the planned renovation of Św. Marcin, on the section from Gwarna Street to Rondo Kaponiera, informed Martyna Nicińska, press spokesman for Centrum Kultury Zamek.

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A colorful procession on St. Marcin (material from 2016)11.11 | On November 11, Poznań has two reasons to celebrate. The first is, of course, Independence Day, while the second is the birthday of St. Marcin. As every year, the celebration could not miss a colorful procession. Jugglers, stilt keepers, knights or American football teams were led by Saint Martin on a white horse, who, after reaching the Castle, received the keys to the city gates from the mayor of Poznań, Jacek Jaśkowiak.TVN24 Poznań

So what will the celebrations of November 11 in Poznań look like? The St. Martin’s Market, where you can buy handicrafts apart from traditional St. Martin’s croissants, will take place in front of the Imperial Castle. It will run from Thursday (November 11) to Sunday (November 14). Of course, you can also buy croissants in almost all Poznań confectioneries.

On St. Martin, in Wielkopolska, 94 producers of the original croissant are expected to operate (91 companies already have the appropriate document, three are still under the certification procedure).

The full list of manufacturers producing the original croissant is published by the Guild of Confectioners and Bakers in Poznań.

Eyes will turn to the border with Belarus

– For many years we have been trying to make the Poznań Independence Day a joyful event that unites the inhabitants of the city. This year, in addition to having fun together, we would like to find time to reflect whether the story of the patron of the Name Day of the Street can still be an inspiration for us. Saint Martin was a soldier who gave a beggar half of his coat. He did not ask about his background, religious beliefs, sexual orientation or political views. Whom would we cover with a coat today? Who needs it the most? The ride of Saint Martin on horseback through the streets of Poznań has been gathering crowds of thousands for years. Today we want to go beyond this ritual and delve into the message conveyed by his actions and gestures, emphasized Nicińska.

During this year’s Street Name Day – which will be held under the slogan “DOBROCINA” – attention will be paid to the migration crisis on the Polish-Belarusian border. – During two meetings we will consider how it is possible that so many people can justify cruelty towards hungry and frozen people. Our guests will be, among others, activists and activists involved in helping refugees – informs Nicińska.

November 11 in Poznań. Changes for drivers

The celebration of November 11 in Poznań also means changes for drivers. On Thursday from midnight to 22 it will not be possible to travel along Święty Marcin street in the section from ul. Gwarna to ul. Ratajczak and on ul. Kantaka. – We kindly ask you to park these streets outside the event area. Vehicles left in parking spaces will be towed by the Municipal Police in accordance with the marking, pleads Nicińska.

This is the last name day of the Street on Święty Marcin Street in this shape. On November 6, the next stage of the street reconstruction began, from the University Bridge to ul. Noisy. The main works will start after the long weekend.

St Martin’s croissants – where did this tradition come from?

The tradition of baking St. Martin’s croissants dates back to the end of the 19th century. As St. Marcin, the then pastor of the Poznań parish, under his call, appealed to the faithful to do something for the poor, following the example of their patron. The confectioner present at the mass prepared horseshoe-shaped croissants for the fair; richer people from Poznań bought these delicacies, and the poor received them for free.

Interestingly, the oldest press advertisement for St. Martin’s Croissants dates back to 1860. – We found the oldest advertisement for St. Martin’s croissants in a newspaper from 1860. However, the oldest advertisement for St. Martin’s croissants for November 11 appeared eight years earlier. According to the legend, we started our search in 1891, but this year’s newspaper already had a dozen or so advertisements. Not only that, some of them have already mentioned “traditional croissants”. So we went back more – said Jan Mazurczak, the director of the Poznań Local Tourist Organization, on TVN24.

The oldest press advertisement for the St. Martin's Croissant comes from 1860

The oldest press advertisement for the St. Martin’s Croissant comes from 186011.11. | The oldest press advertisement for St. Martin’s Croissants comes from 1860. Such conclusions were reached by Jan Mazurczak from the Poznań Local Tourist Organization. In this year’s newspaper, an advertisement for these delicacies appeared for the first time.TVN24 Poznań

Every year in Poznań, around November 11, residents and tourists eat up to a million pieces of this regional delicacy. Croissants are also an important element of the promotion of the capital of Greater Poland. The Poznań City Hall ensures that the sweet delicacy is sent to important offices and institutions. And in tourist information centers in Poznań you can buy city souvenirs with them: earrings, pendants, aprons or books with the legend of Saint Martin.

The Poznań Old Market Square also houses the Poznań Croissant Museum.

The Świętomarciński croissant is included in the register of protected designations of origin and protected geographical indications, which means that it is a product characteristic of a given region and can only be produced there. Such a certificate can be obtained for croissants manufactured in the City of Poznań, Poznań County and selected counties of the Wielkopolska Province.

The production process of St. Martin's croissants

The production process of St. Martin’s croissants10.11 | Delicate semi-French pastry with frosting and crushed peanuts. Inside – an insane mass of white poppy seeds that hardly anyone can resist. On November 11, Wielkopolanie have been delighted with St. Martin’s croissants for a long time, and for several years they have also won the hearts of sweet lovers from all over Poland. Our camera visited the confectionery, where we looked at the production process of this delicacy.TVN24 Poznań

1 croissant = 2.5 hours of dancing

What is this tasty baking? – It is a product that everyone can prepare on their own, and there are as many versions of croissants as there are bakers. However, in order to be called the St. Martin’s Croissant, it must meet a few basic requirements, especially its characteristic filling. The St Martin’s croissant is baked from “leafy” dough containing wheat flour, margarine, eggs, sugar, milk, salt, yeast and flavor. The croissant filling, on the other hand, is a mass containing white poppy seeds, sugar, egg mass, margarine, nuts, raisins, candied or syrupy fruit, bakery crumbs and aroma, most often almond or lemon. Its shape is a characteristic crescent with a mass of 150-250 grams – explains Prof. dr hab. Anna Gramza-Michałowska, Department of Gastronomic Technology and Functional Food, Faculty of Food Sciences and Nutrition, University of Life Sciences in Poznań.

As he emphasizes, the nutritional value of a croissant with white poppy seed filling is mainly related to the presence of nuts, which are the source of essential unsaturated fatty acids, fruit and raisins containing polyphenols that protect us against harmful free radicals, and white poppy seeds containing minerals such as iron, magnesium. and calcium. St. Martin’s croissants contain a lot of fat and sugar.

– For this reason, it is not a product for people who care about their figure, because a medium-sized croissant can provide over 1000 calories – emphasizes prof. Gramza-Michałowska. This is as much as we burn during 2.5 hours of dancing, 2 hours of cycling, or 4.5 hours of ironing.

Święty Marcin Street is one of the main arteries of the city. It owes its name to the settlement called Saint Martin, which was incorporated into Poznań at the end of the 18th century.

Main photo source: TVN 24

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