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Swietajno Lake dries up. Tourists call them the Maldives of Masuria and they are happy to rest here

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There is no water supply, no rain, and snow in winter – all this causes that Lake Świątajno dries up more and more every year. Professor Andrzej Górniak from the Faculty of Biology of the University of Bialystok leaves no illusions: this process will continue.

– Just a few years ago, walking in this place, I would have water under my feet all the time. And probably even to the ankles – said our reporter Mateusz Grzymkowski on TVN24. Lake Świątajno in Masuria dries up more and more every year.

Lake Swietajno dries up more and more every yearTVN24

There will be no lake, no tourists

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– Lake Świątajno does not have any tributaries that would supply this basin. It is supplied only by rainfall, meltwater and groundwater, and the latter – when it comes to the Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodship – are at a very low level – said Joanna Szerenos-Pawilcz, spokeswoman for Regional Water Management Boards in Białystok.

SEE ALSO: Monday was the hottest day on record.

Sławomir Ambroziak, head of the Jedwabno commune: in order to save the lake, we built a water supply system TVN24

The situation is very difficult for residents and businesses. Because if there is no lake, there will be no tourists, and their absence means the collapse of companies that run their business there.

The commune built a waterworks

Sławomir Ambroziak, the head of the Jedwabno commune, stated that in 2017-2020 the local government built 30 kilometers of the water supply system in order to save the lake. – For all boarding houses, summer houses and for residents – he said, noting that he appeals to Polish Waters to deal with the topic as soon as possible, otherwise the lake will dry up completely in a few years.

Joanna Szerenos-Pawilcz, quoted earlier, said in an interview with tvn24.pl that hydrotechnical devices cannot be installed there – such as dams or culverts, thanks to which the water level could be regulated – because the lake has no tributaries.

– In order for there to be more water in the lake, a natural process would have to take place – she added.

“The process will continue”

Professor Andrzej Górniak from the Faculty of Biology of the University of Bialystok said that such a natural process would be very difficult because, unfortunately, climate changesthere is less rain and snow.

– Hence, this type of lakes, formed 10-11 thousand years ago, will dry up. Of course, it won’t be like a lot of water in one year and not a drop in the next, but the process will go on. This means that there will be no fish or invertebrates in the area, but other species will probably appear. The more so because the soil in the dried up lakes is very fertile – added Prof. Gorniak.

Change the type of melioration, build retention reservoirs

When asked if there was a way to save the lake in some way – for example by making a channel to the nearest river – he said that it would not make sense, because the water level in rivers is also decreasing.

Unfortunately, there will be less and less water. We must be ready for this and – both in rural and urban areas – introduce solutions that reduce water losses. In rural areas, it is about increasing the content of organic matter in the soil through organic fertilization (meaning manure – editorial note). It is necessary to change the melioration system from drainage to irrigation, or to cultivate plants whose remains significantly enrich the soil with the above-mentioned organic matter. And in cities, as much green areas as possible should be left and small retention reservoirs or soaking wells should be built in many points, the professor points out.

There is less and less water TVN24

Main photo source: TVN24



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