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Thursday, February 29, 2024

Swiss to erect 1st nationwide memorial honoring Nazi victims

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GENEVA — Switzerland’s government physique agreed Wednesday to assist pay for a nationwide memorial to honor the six million Jews and different victims of the Holocaust and Nazi persecution, in what the main Swiss Jewish group is asking the nation’s first official monument of its sort.

The Federal Council, the seven-member government department, accredited 2.5 million Swiss francs (about $2.8 million) for the memorial that might be erected at an unspecified “central location” within the capital, Bern, at a time when the variety of Holocaust survivors has dwindled and antisemitism has risen once more.

“The Federal Council considers it of nice significance to maintain alive the reminiscence of the implications of Nationwide Socialism, particularly the Holocaust and the destiny of the six million Jews and all different victims of the Nationwide Socialist regime,” a authorities assertion stated.

Switzerland and its capital, by the transfer, have been “creating a powerful image towards genocide, antisemitism and racism, and for democracy, the rule of regulation, freedom and primary particular person rights,” it stated.

The assertion didn’t point out whether or not the memorial would make any direct reference to any Swiss function within the persecution of individuals throughout the Nazi regime in Germany.

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The Swiss Federation of Jewish Communities, an umbrella group, stated Switzerland has about 60 small, non-public websites remembering the Holocaust and different crimes of the Nazis.

“There may be, nonetheless, no official or nationwide memorial for the quite a few Swiss victims of persecution, for the hundreds of refugees repelled on the borders or deported, but in addition for the various brave helpers on this nation,” it stated, noting that the memorial could be created to honor all of them.

The group says latest research have proven {that a} “sizeable quantity” of Swiss residents have been victims of the Nazi regime, “persecuted as a result of they have been, for instance, Jews, socialists, Sinti or Roma.” Each Sinti and Roma are peoples who dwell predominantly in japanese Europe.

It famous that hundreds of individuals flocked towards Swiss borders throughout World Battle II in search of safety, solely to be “repelled and, in lots of {cases}, despatched again to sure loss of life.”

Switzerland has lengthy grappled with its ties to Nazi Germany — not least by a name for nationwide introspection on the problem from its first Jewish and girl president, Ruth Dreifuss, in 1999.

The nation was impartial throughout WWII, however a government-appointed panel in 1997 discovered Switzerland had taken half in over three-fourths of worldwide gold transactions by Nazi Germany’s Reichsbank — each as purchaser and middleman.



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