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Tuesday, June 18, 2024

Synthetic fuels. Scientists from the Warsaw University of Technology have developed a production device

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– It can combine carbon, in the form of carbon dioxide, with hydrogen in a direct reaction. We do not need any additional processes – this is what Prof. says about the invention his team is working on. Jarosław Milewski from the Warsaw University of Technology. This is a device that will facilitate the production of synthetic fuels.

Alternative fuel production technology i renewable energy sources still developing. It so happens that at the Institute of Thermal Technology at the Warsaw University of Technology, there is a device that is supposed to make this easier.

There it is, a metal box with cables and four pipes. It may look inconspicuous at first glance, but it may hold the key to the popularization of synthetic fuels.

A device from the Warsaw University of Technology for the production of cleaner, synthetic fuelTVN24

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Combining several processes in one device

– It can combine carbon, in the form of carbon dioxide, with hydrogen in a direct reaction. We don’t need any additional processes – said prof. Jarosław Milewski from the Warsaw University of Technology.

The device works by introducing water, carbon dioxide, air and electricity into it. Inside there are plates made of a grid, an electrolyte anode and a cathode. When we heat all this to 650 degrees Celsius, the structures of the introduced compounds change, creating new substances. Air and carbon dioxide come out of the exhaust channels, which will be reused, but also, what we are most interested in, hydrogen and carbon monoxide. This gas, after processing, can become an alternative fuel.

Device from PW for fuel productionTVN24

The innovation of this project is that we combine several processes in one device. This means that CO2 capture and hydrogen production are contained in one device, unlike what is currently happening. What we have in the world, i.e. Porsche or other synthetic fuel factories, combine it in several devices. We are trying to improve, simplify and close the process here – explains Dr. Arkadiusz Szczęśniak from the Warsaw University of Technology.

We managed to create cleaner fuel

Fuel has been created in the laboratory. Producing a liter currently costs about a dozen or so zlotys, but the device is being improved.

– This is the world’s first device of this typeso every thing, such as temperature measurement, type of seal, we immediately report it, patent it, so that it is on our side – says Szczęśniak.

Device from Warsaw University of Technology for the production of synthetic fuelTVN24

The main advantage of such a liquid is its quality. Natural crude oil contains, among other things, sulfur, so when we ignite the fuels we know, smoke rises. A burning wick dipped in laboratory synthetic fuel does not smoke.

– This is our last fuel, it has no pollutants. Here we only have hydrocarbons, the ones that are most suitable for each engine – says M.Sc. Eng. Aliaksandr Martsinchyk from the Warsaw University of Technology. When asked whether it will be possible to fuel cars and planes, he replies that he cannot wait for the moment when this fuel can be made in larger quantities and will be available at gas stations.

Mikołaj Borcowski, TVN Turbo

Main photo source: TVN24



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