The renovation of the roof of the 16th-century castle in Szymbark (Małopolskie Voivodeship), where one of the largest bat colonies in Poland lives, has been completed. During the works, special attention was paid to ensuring favorable conditions for these flying mammals, which considered the attic of the fortified manor as their home. Construction work was completed before the arrival of the first individuals.
The Karwacjanów and Gładysz Manor Museum in Gorlice informed about the completion of the renovation of the roof of the castle in Szymbark in Lesser Poland. In the attic of this 16th-century fortified manor, bats have established their summer colony. This is one of the largest habitats of this type of nocturnal animals in Poland.
Bat colony in Szymbark
The replacement of the roof covering of the fortified manor house – which was emphasized by the representatives of the museum – was carried out in accordance with the requirements of protection of the breeding colony of bats located in the attic. Their safety was ensured and their microhabitat conditions improved.
During the works, safe inlet openings were created, additional so-called “cool spaces”, standing and hanging kennels were installed. The attic also provides an adequate level of darkening and ventilation. The works were carried out at the turn of winter and spring, when the bats hibernated outside the attic of the building. “Construction works were completed before the arrival of the first individuals” – the museum emphasized in a release.
Kasztel is part of the Ostoja Bats protection area of the Gorlice Poviat. Three species of bats are protected in this area: the greater bat, the crested bat and the lesser horseshoe bat.
First it was a manor, then a warehouse
The fortified manor – the former seat of the Gładysz family, is a very valuable monument of Renaissance architecture in Poland, it is a leading example of a Polish castle. It was erected in two stages over the course of the 16th century. The three-storey building was built on a rectangular plan.
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The castle served a representative, residential and defensive function. It was inhabited until the end of the 18th century. Then it housed a distillery, a grain warehouse, and at the end of the 19th century – and still in the interwar period – on the ground floor there was a kitchen for court servants and a chicken coop. The manor was also a kind of lamus where unnecessary things were stored.
Construction works in the Szymbark castle, which is part of the Karwacjanów and Gładyszów Dwór Museum in Gorlice, were financed from the project on the protection of endangered species and protected habitats under the Natura 2000 network in Małopolska, the beneficiary of which is the Regional Directorate for Environmental Protection in Krakow.
Main photo source: museum.gorlice.pl