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Thursday, May 23, 2024

The deposit system in Poland. Since when. “Giant project”

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From 2025, Poland will be the second largest deposit system country in Europe. We are creating a huge circular economy project for packaging, said Marcel Rakowski, president of PolKa – Polska Kaucja. In his opinion, the deposit system will force a change in consumer habits.

The new regulations will implement the EU directive on reducing the impact of certain plastic products on the environment.

– Implementing a deposit system in Poland is a big challenge, we are aware of it and we are prepared – assures Marcel Rakowski, president of PolKa – Polska Kaucja, which will be one of the system operators in Poland, in an interview with PAP.

– The system requires changing the habits of consumers, who in recent years have been encouraged to crush bottles and cans before throwing them into the trash. Now, to recover the deposit, bottles and cans will have to be returned in their original form – emphasizes the expert.

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The sight of collection points will be common

– On January 1, the system will launch in a minimal version and will develop in the following months. According to assumptions, approximately 7-8 thousand may be available in Poland at the beginning of the year. automated collection points where you can return bottles and cans and receive a deposit for them upon purchase. Today, at least six retail chains are testing refund machines on a large scale in order to automate the process from the beginning of system implementation. Ultimately, the sight of such machines will be common, notes Rakowski.

– According to our calculations, approximately 45,000 are needed to achieve the goals of selective collection in Poland. – 50 thousand collection points and this is our goal. At the beginning, at the beginning of next year, it will be a minimum of PLN 15,000. points, i.e. locations that are obliged to enter the system, are stores over 200 square meters – notes Rakowski.

He adds that the number of points will increase from month to month, and there may be even over 100,000 potential collection points in Poland. This is in addition to smaller stores, including, among others: eating places.

The deposit system in Poland. Rules

The deposit system in Poland is to start operating in 2025. It will include plastic, metal and glass containers. For single-use plastic beverage bottles with a capacity of up to three liters and metal cans with a capacity of up to one liter, the deposit will be 50 cents.

Its aim is to reduce the amount of mixed municipal waste collected by municipalities and increase the level of recycling. Large stores with an area of ​​over 200 square meters will have to collect empty packaging and return the deposit, while smaller ones will be able to join the system voluntarily, although they will collect a deposit. Unclaimed deposit will be used to finance the deposit system. The deposit is intended to encourage the return of packaging and increase the amount of reused and processed raw materials used to produce packaging.

“Poland will be the second largest deposit system country in Europe”

– Poland, after Germany, will be the second largest deposit system country in Europe. We are creating a huge circular economy project for packaging. In 2025, Poland will start in parallel with Austria, he noted.

The deposit system is already in force in the Scandinavian countries, Slovakia, Romania and Estonia. So far, the following companies have not decided to introduce it: France or Italy.

– Slovakia is a good example of a country that introduced a deposit system at lightning speed. There, the implementation process lasted seven months. I personally took part in the initial phase of organizing this system, noted the president of PolKa.

Since the system was launched in 2022, Slovaks have returned over 1.8 billion plastic bottles and cans, and the average collection rate since the system was launched is 82%. There are over 3,250 collection points registered in the system. Nearly 100 percent deposit packaging in Slovakia was returned to vending machines.

The introduction of a deposit system was discussed during the expert debate as part of the 24th Fair of Environmental Protection and Waste Management – Ekotech in Targi Kielce. According to the assumptions, the goal for 2025 is to collect 13 billion packaging, which will translate into the recovery of 77%. packaging introduced to the market. Approximately 14-15 thousand people will be obliged to collect money. stores over 200 sq m Currently, about 45 percent goes into yellow bags. bottles introduced to the market.

According to the presented data, currently almost 90 percent Poles support the idea of ​​introducing a deposit system.

Main photo source: Shutterstock

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