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The migration pact adopted by the European Parliament is criticized by both the right and the left

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We must decide who reaches the European Union and under what conditions, not smugglers, says Ursula von der Leyen. After years of negotiations, the European Parliament adopted the Migration Pact by a narrow majority. The most controversial element of the pact are the mechanisms that are intended to force other countries to support a country under migration pressure. The vote on the pact took place two months before the European Parliament elections.

Spain, Greece, Italy – dozens of immigrants reach the shores of Europe every day. Last year alone, 380,000 people crossed the borders of the European Union illegally. Half of them completed the Central Mediterranean route.

– It's high time to fix our migration policy. EU citizens expect us to protect those fleeing war and political persecution. They expect us to help people who come here legally to study. And that we will stop once and for all human smuggling and deadly journeys across the Mediterranean Sea, said Ylva Johansson, Commissioner for Home Affairs of the European Union, in the European Parliament. After eight years of deadlock and two months before the elections, the European Parliament adopted the Migration Pact. The new regulations are intended to regulate migration and asylum policy in the EU. Europe is starting to play a leading role again, said Italian Foreign Minister Antonio Tajani after the reception. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz spoke about the necessary step.

According to the head of the European Parliament, the adoption of the pact was a “historic day for Europe”. – This is not a solution to all the challenges, there is still much to be done. We have provided a legislative response to the appeals of Europeans. Citizens of all Member States have been demanding this for many years, said Roberta Metsola after the vote.

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The package is intended to strengthen the EU's external borders

– Migration is a European challenge to which we must respond with European solutions. Solutions that are effective, fair and decisive. This is what the pact on migration and asylum is about – said Ursula von der Leyen, head of the European Commission, about the pact. The pact assumes two mechanisms to support countries under migration pressure. The launch of the mandatory solidarity mechanism will involve the deployment of at least 30,000 people in Community countries each year. However, relocation will be voluntary because member states will be able to use an alternative solution, i.e. paying EUR 20,000 for each person not admitted or taking part in operations at the external borders of the Union.

SEE ALSO: Donald Tusk: migration pact unacceptable for Poland

The pact is a package of ten regulations intended to strengthen external borders: it assumes the registration of all arriving migrants and the possibility of keeping them in special, closed centers at the EU borders, where they will be subjected to a selection procedure for those who can get asylum and those who do not have such a chance. . Such people will be subject to accelerated deportation to their countries of origin or third countries.

The pact is criticized by both the left and far-right parties. “The situation will only get worse.”

Anti-immigration, Eurosceptic and far-right parties claim that the proposed solutions are too mild. The pact was also criticized by the left and human rights defenders, who talk about the inhumane treatment of immigrants. “This pact kills, vote no!” – a group of demonstrators chanted just before the vote. – We are against this pact because nothing will improve. The situation will only worsen and human rights will be limited. People will be in even greater danger, comments Johannes Rueckerl, spokesman for the organization “Seebrucke”, which deals with immigrant rights. The pact needs a green light from the Council of the European Union. Donald Tusk declared that Poland would not agree to the relocation mechanism. Hungarians and Slovaks are also not satisfied with the new regulations. The solutions included in the pact are to enter into force in 2026.

SEE ALSO: The European Parliament has approved a new migration pact

The European Parliament has approved a new migration pactMichał Tracz/Fakty TVN

– There is a lot of uncertainty. The system to be introduced is very complex. There is therefore concern that Member States will do everything in their power to limit the number of irregular arrivals so as not to overburden national asylum systems. Perhaps we will see more of what we have already seen in previous years. More agreements with third countries aimed at limiting the number of immigrants, notes Alberto-Horst Neihardt from the European Policy Center. According to the United Nations, around four hundred people have died since the beginning of this year trying to enter the European Union. On Wednesday, the Italian coast guard rescued more than 30 immigrants who were adrift on a small boat off the coast of Lampedusa.

Author:Justyna Kazimierczak

Facts about the World TVN24 BiS

Main photo source: Reuters

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