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This yr’s Biden-Xi summit has higher basis however South China Sea and Taiwan dangers will not go away

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BEIJING — The course of occasions within the yr because the final assembly between Presidents Joe Biden and Xi Jinping provides cautious hope that they’ll have higher luck this time round. However it additionally exhibits how simply any settlement they attain may as soon as once more veer astray.

The U.S. and Chinese language leaders meet Wednesday whereas attending the annual Asia-Pacific Financial Cooperation summit in San Francisco.

They go into the assembly on the again of 5 months of government-to-government talks which have accelerated in latest weeks and expanded to cultural and enterprise exchanges. In distinction, the November 2022 assembly in Bali, Indonesia, occurred after China had suspended talks to precise anger over a go to by then-U.S. Home Speaker Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan.

“This rests on a stronger basis than the Bali assembly did,” mentioned Jude Blanchette, a China skilled on the Middle for Strategic and Worldwide Research. “Substantively and contextually this assembly is happening in a reasonably higher atmosphere.”

However tensions over Taiwan and flare-ups between China and the Philippines within the South China Sea are a sobering reminder that an surprising incident may set again efforts to enhance ties, simply as an apparently errant Chinese language balloon did early this yr.

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Speak additionally solely goes up to now with the 2 governments essentially at odds over expertise, protection, commerce and Taiwan. Final month, the Biden administration expanded restrictions on expertise exports to China.

Current expertise has proven that extra frequent communication “doesn’t exclude the continued enlargement and escalation of America’s preparations for struggle and high-tech deterrence towards China, nor does it exclude China’s corresponding countermeasures, protests and preparations,” mentioned Shi Yinhong, a world relations professor at Renmin College of China,

Somewhat than attaining main breakthroughs, the hope is that the leaders will set the tone for significant dialogue on a variety of points within the coming months, Blanchette mentioned. “The extra possible actuality is it’s going to be somewhat little bit of that however now we have quite a lot of velocity bumps that may journey up the 2 at any level.”


Nov. 14: Biden meets Xi for 3 hours in the course of the Group of 20 assembly in Bali, Indonesia, in his first in-person assembly with the Chinese language chief since turning into president.


Dec. 6: The Biden administration approves the sale of greater than $425 million of spare plane components for Taiwan’s F-16 fighters, C-130 transport planes and different U.S.-supplied weapons programs.


Jan. 18: U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen meets Vice Premier Liu He in Zurich. It’s the highest-ranking contact between the 2 international locations because the Biden-Xi assembly in Bali.


Feb. 2: U.S.-China ties are upended by experiences {that a} Chinese language surveillance balloon is flying over the US. Secretary of State Antony Blinken calls off a deliberate journey to China.

Feb. 18: Blinken tells Wang Yi, China’s high international coverage official, at a gathering in Munich that China must not ever ship a surveillance balloon over the U.S. once more. Wang criticizes the U.S. for taking pictures it down.

Feb. 21: A U.S. congressional delegation affirms America’s dedication to democracy and freedom in a gathering in Taiwan with President Tsai Ing-wen.


March 1: The U.S. approves the sale of $619 million of missiles, launchers and different munitions for Taiwan’s F-16 fighter jets.


Might 10-11: Jake Sullivan, the U.S. nationwide safety adviser, tells Wang at talks in Vienna that the U.S. needs to maneuver past the balloon incident.

Might 26: A Chinese language fighter jet flies in entrance of a U.S. reconnaissance airplane over the South China Sea in what the U.S. navy calls an “unnecessarily aggressive maneuver.”


June 2-4: China’s Protection Minister Li Shangfu turns down a gathering with U.S. Protection Secretary Lloyd Austin on the Shangri-La protection dialogue in Singapore. On June 3, a Chinese language navy ship cuts throughout the trail of an American destroyer within the Taiwan Strait.

June 18-19: Blinken meets Xi and Wang in Beijing in what is going to grow to be the primary of 4 U.S. Cupboard-level officers to go to over two months.


July 8: Yellen travels to Beijing to satisfy officers together with Vice Premier He Lifeng, who has taken over the financial portfolio from now former Vice Premier Liu He.

July 19: Chinese language Vice President Han Zheng tells visiting U.S. local weather envoy John Kerry that China is keen to work with the U.S. on lowering international warming so long as its political calls for are met.


Aug. 23: The Biden administration approves the sale to Taiwan of $500 million in infrared search monitoring programs and associated gear for F-16 fighters.

Aug. 28-29: Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo, assembly senior officers in Beijing, rebuffs their appeals to cut back U.S. controls on expertise exports to China.


Sept. 9: Biden has a quick alternate with Chinese language Premier Li Qiang whereas each are on the Group of 20 summit in India.

Sept. 11: A Chinese language naval formation led by the plane provider Shandong sails about 70 miles (110 kilometers) southeast of Taiwan to conduct drills simulating air, submarine, sea and land assaults.

Sept. 16-17: Sullivan and Wang maintain 12 hours of talks in Malta.

Sept: 17: China’s navy sends 103 plane towards Taiwan in a 24-hour interval, an unusually excessive quantity. Chinese language warplanes fly towards the island and again on nearly a day by day foundation.

Sept. 18: Chinese language Vice President Han Zheng maintain talks with Blinken in the course of the U.N. Common Meeting in New York.

Sept. 22: The U.S. Treasury Division and China’s Ministry of Finance launch working teams to debate financial and monetary points.


Oct. 9: Xi meets U.S. Senate delegation led by Majority Chief Chuck Schumer. It is the primary congressional delegation to go to China in 4 years.

Oct. 17: The U.S. broadens its export controls to cease China from buying superior laptop chips and the gear to fabricate them.

Oct. 18: Russian President Vladimir Putin meets Xi in Beijing on a uncommon journey overseas to attend China’s Belt and Street Discussion board. China and the U.S. are divided over the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Oct. 22: Chinese language ships collide with two Philippine ships delivering provides to troops within the South China Sea, prompting a warning from the U.S. that it will defend the Philippines in case of an armed assault

Oct. 24: A Chinese language fighter jet flies inside 10 ft (3 meters) of an American B-52 bomber flying over the South China Sea in a nighttime intercept. Individually, China pronounces the dismissal of Protection Minister Li Shangfu with no reason why.

Oct. 25: Xi has a shock assembly with California Gov. Gavin Newsom, who’s on a weeklong go to to China to deepen cooperation on local weather.

Oct. 27: Wang meets Biden in Washington, D.C., in addition to Sullivan and Blinken as two sides hammer out particulars for a Biden-Xi summit. Wang meets Biden, Sullivan and Blinken in Washington, D.C.

Oct. 30: The U.S. sends the Pentagon’s high China official to China’s annual Xiangshan discussion board on safety. China’s Vice President Han Zheng meets two American veterans who have been a part of the Flying Tigers command that helped defend China towards Japan in World Conflict II.


Nov 2: U.S. farm business teams maintain discussion board in Beijing to strengthen agricultural commerce. American Ballet Theatre opens its first tour to China in a decade.

Nov. 4-7: Local weather envoys John Kerry and Xie Zhenhua meet in California forward of a U.N. local weather change convention that begins on Nov. 30 in Dubai.

Nov. 6: The U.S. and China maintain arms management talks in Washington. The U.S. has expressed concern about China’s rising nuclear arsenal.

Nov 9: The Chinese language and U.S. militaries talk about through video hyperlink the seek for the stays of American prisoners of struggle and lacking personnel.

Nov. 9-10: Vice Premier He Lifeng travels to San Francisco to satisfy Yellen, who says the talks helped lay the groundwork for a productive Biden-Xi summit.

Nov. 10: Members of the Philadelphia Orchestra carry out in Beijing to mark fiftieth anniversary of its historic 1973 go to.

Nov. 15: Xi and Biden holding summit throughout Asia-Pacific Financial Cooperation assembly in San Francisco.


Related Press researcher Yu Bing in Beijing contributed to this report.

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