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Sunday, March 3, 2024

1000’s take to the streets in Colombia to protest leftist authorities’s reforms

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BOGOTA, Colombia — 1000’s of individuals marched in Colombia on Tuesday to voice their frustration with President Gustavo Petro’s authorities and its makes an attempt to make sweeping adjustments to the nation’s well being and pension programs, and its labor legal guidelines.

The protests had been held as Colombia’s first leftist president struggles to maintain his coalition in congress collectively and sees a hunch in his approval scores as violence between insurgent teams grows in some elements of the nation.

A corruption scandal involving two members of Petro’s internal circle has additionally put the federal government on the defensive, with the president now preventing allegations that his marketing campaign was financed with undeclared donations.

“This authorities goes to take us again many years,” mentioned Jimmy Rosero, a retired military officer, who helped carry a 40-foot-long Colombian flag at a march in Bogota. “We don’t need any of its reforms to be accepted” by congress.

Petro was elected a 12 months in the past following large protests over social and financial inequalities that worsened throughout the pandemic.

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He promised to make peace offers with the nation’s remaining insurgent teams and mentioned his authorities would enhance entry to healthcare, college training and formal jobs.

However Petro’s Historic Pact occasion lacked a majority in congress. To manipulate, it constructed alliances with conventional events on the middle and the suitable, which got positions in Cupboard in alternate for his or her help in congress.

The ideologically various coalition started to fracture this 12 months, as variations emerged over laws that seeks to reform Colombia’s well being system and switch a authorities company into the only real administrator of insurance coverage funds, sidelining firms that at the moment deal with a big portion of the insurance coverage market.

Petro argues the reform will make it simpler for the federal government to reimburse hospitals and allow it to take a position extra money in healthcare facilities for distant rural areas. However his opponents say the federal government lacks the capability to manage billions of {dollars} in insurance coverage funds.

The well being reform is at the moment stalled in congress, the place it has been stonewalled by opposition events and former members of Petro’s coalition. A labor regulation that might make it more durable for employers to rent staff utilizing non permanent contracts can also be struggling to achieve sufficient votes within the senate and the decrease home.

Ivan Diaz, a psychologist who owns a small empanada stand in a working class sector of Bogota, mentioned he was fearful the labor regulation proposed by the federal government would pressure him to put off one among his two workers. The regulation obliges employers to pay extra charges for any work carried out after 6 p.m.

“We’re simply recovering from the pandemic, and the federal government needs to provide us extra burdens,” Diaz mentioned. “I wish to consider in Colombia, however its very arduous like this.”

Petro has vowed to press on along with his reform program, arguing that it’s a part of a preferred mandate that’s now threatened by Colombia’s financial elite.

Earlier this month, the federal government organized a march in favor of Petro’s reforms that was additionally attended by hundreds of individuals. However the president’s approval score has fallen lately, as some Colombians look like much less involved with social and financial reforms, and extra fearful with points like safety.

In a ballot carried out in Might by Invamer, 73% of Colombians mentioned they believed issues had been getting worse, in comparison with simply 48% in August of final 12 months. Petro obtained an approval score of fifty% in a ballot carried out in November by the identical firm, however dropped to 34% within the newest ballot carried out in April. The latest ballot had a margin of error of plus-or-minus 5 proportion factors.

Sergio Guzman, a political analyst in Bogota, mentioned the federal government has did not construct bridges with opposition events by refusing to make changes to its reforms.

“The federal government is insisting in an all or nothing strategy to its agenda” Guzman mentioned. “And that has alienated members of the coalition, that got here from conventional events.”

In the meantime the president’s efforts to make peace with insurgent teams have proven combined outcomes. In December Petro supplied ceasefires to 2 armed teams, which have fallen aside as assaults on civilians proceed. A 3rd ceasefire with the most important insurgent group, the Nationwide Liberation Military, is predicted to start in August.



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