21,854 cases of Lyme disease have been confirmed in Poland since the beginning of this year. The number of cases has increased by over 50 percent compared to last year. Many more cases of tick-borne encephalitis have also been recorded – according to the latest data on the incidence of infectious diseases.
In the period from January 1 to October 31 this year, 21,854 cases of Lyme disease were recorded in Poland. This is 8,033 cases more than were recorded at the same time in 2022 (13,821), so the increase amounted to 58.1 percent.
Since the beginning of 2023, 554 cases of tick-borne encephalitis have been confirmed. In the same period of 2022, there were 315 confirmed cases. The number of cases increased by 75.8 percent compared to last year.
How to remove a tick
Ticks live mainly in deciduous and mixed forests, grassy areas, dense bushes, ferns, as well as in city parks and on the outskirts of housing estates surrounded by green areas.
If a tick is bitten, it should be removed from the body as soon as possible. It must not be lubricated with grease, petrol, twisted or squeezed. You should gently grab the tick with tweezers right next to the skin and pull it upwards. Instead of tweezers, you can use miniature suction pumps or plastic forceps, which can be purchased at a pharmacy. After removal, the sting site must be carefully disinfected. Not all ticks are carriers of Lyme disease bacteria, but when they bite, they can also transmit other bacteria and viruses into the blood that cause, among others, tick-borne encephalitis.
Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis
Lyme disease, also known as Lyme disease, is caused by spirochetes of the genus Borrelia. In the first period, most infected people develop a painless erythema with a clear center in the center. Skin lesions are sometimes accompanied by flu-like symptoms, such as fever or low-grade fever, feeling of fatigue, fatigue, headaches, muscle and joint pain. Late symptoms of Lyme disease in adults include, for example, atrophic dermatitis of the limbs. The changes are accompanied by arthritis and neurological changes.
Tick-borne encephalitis is an acute viral disease that is often associated with neurological complications. In some infected people, the central nervous system is affected. It may also result in inflammation of the spinal cord, meningitis, or encephalitis and meningitis. Vaccines are available against tick-borne encephalitis.
Main photo source: Shutterstock