From Monday in Trzebinia (Małopolskie Voivodeship) there is a ban on entering areas at risk of sinkholes. Those who ignore the ban face fines. Spółka Restrukturownictwa Kopalń standardized markings in dangerous areas.
Yellow and red signs informing about the danger and the related ban on entry have appeared in the city, and more than 40 places have been fenced off with tape. The ban covers about 280 hectares.
The ban was introduced in March by the Chrzanów Forestry Inspectorate, but it turned out to be ineffective. – We received signals that some people, despite warnings that these are dangerous areas, entered and walked there. Apparently, people even came from outside to see what the sinkhole looked like. So the decision of the voivode to introduce such a ban in public places seems right – says Anna Jarguz, spokeswoman for the city office in Trzebinia.
Persons violating the ban on entry must first expect a warning, and if it fails – a fine of up to PLN 500.
Where is no entry?
Areas at risk of sinkholes include the vicinity of the following streets: Odkrywkowa, Solskiego, Górnicza, Dembowskiego, Grunwaldzka, John Paul II and Młyńska. Some of these places are particularly important in the everyday life of Trzebinia residents, such as the sports stadium at Grunwaldzka Street and the cemetery, and the “Gaj” Family Allotment Gardens at Jana Pawła II Street.
During the session of the city council, the councilors decided to appeal to the president, the prime minister and both chambers of parliament for financial assistance. – It is about funds for the preparation of new areas where, for example, a cemetery or allotment gardens could be built. Today, we have practically no place for burials in the Siersza and Gaj estates – explained the chairman of the Trzebinia City Council, Waldemar Wszołek. He added: – In this appeal, we included a request for help, for support, for additional funds for those areas that are affected by sinkholes.
The ban also applies in the forests in the Gaj estate, at Młyńska Street and by the so-called health path and the railway embankment to the Siersza Power Plant.
Zadliska in Trzebinia
The Polish Geological Institute has designated nearly half a thousand places at risk of sinkholes in the commune. 38 points are within 20 meters of built-up areas.
The phenomenon of sinkhole formation in Trzebinia intensified in 2021. Earlier, 20 years after the liquidation of the mine, it occurred sporadically. According to experts, the deformations were caused by water – constantly flowing into the post-mining excavations and soil types – there are sands, gravels and clays. Shallow exploitation, carried out in this place in the 19th century, also contributes to the formation of sinkholes.
The liquidation of KWK Siersza in Trzebinia began in 1999 in accordance with the resolution of Nadwiślańska Spółka Węglowa. The NSW plan for 1999-2001 was for complete decommissioning by sinking and was approved by the then Minister of Economy. The plan was approved by the director of the District Mining Office in Kraków. In 2001, Spółka Restrukturownictwa Kopalń, pursuant to an agreement with Nadwiślańska Spółka Węglowa, acquired a mine that had been put into liquidation.
Main photo source: TVN24