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Tykocin. They found fragments of pots and tiles from the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries and traces of “the last Indians of Europe”

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They were here before the first farmers appeared. They set up small camps near rivers. We are talking about the last hunter-gatherers who lived in the fourth millennium BC. Archaeologists who work in Tykocin in the Podlaskie Voivodship found traces of this community, where fragments of pots and stove tiles from the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries were also discovered.

A new sewage system and technical infrastructure are to be built along 11 Listopada Street in Tykocin. As the city is under strict conservation protection, the investment is preceded by archaeological research.

– Our excavation is not wide because it is located in the place where the investment itself will be carried out. The first effects are already visible – said Hubert Lepionka, assistant professor of the archeology department of the Podlasie Museum in Białystok, in a recording made public on the Internet.

Archaeologists began research Podlasie Museum in Bialystok

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They suppose that centuries ago someone threw the tiles into the burnt basement

Archaeologists found nearly a thousand fragments of broken stove tiles from the turn of the 16th and 16th centuries.

– They were lying in a buried basement at a depth of 30-40 centimeters under the road surface. As we found traces of the fire of the wooden structure of the basement, I suspect that it burned down during numerous Tykocin fires. And later, to level the area, rubble was poured in, i.e. the broken tiles, Adam Wawrusiewicz, the curator of the aforementioned archeology department, tells us.

Hubert Lepionka, on the other hand, points out that the tiles have interesting decorations.

Figures can be seen on the broken tiles Podlasie Museum in Bialystok

-They show characters, incl. people in period costumes or people praying. On one of the tiles, for example, there are two people arguing over a game table – most likely backgammon – he points out.

Read also: He was looking for farm equipment, found a jug full of coins

Artifacts from the earliest periods of the city’s functioning

The earth also hid fragments of pots from the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries.

– This is traditional ceramics made in the medieval convention. It is decorated with simple grooves, explains Adam Wawrusiewicz.

Fragments of pots are decorated with simple grooves Podlasie Museum in Bialystok

As Tykocin gained city rights in 1425, archaeologists came across discoveries from the oldest periods of the city’s functioning.

Traces of the last hunter-gatherers

Much older, because they date back four thousand years BC, are the artifacts found in the deepest part of the excavation.

– About half a thousand fragments of flint tools – knives or scrapers related to leather processing. Arrowheads were also found. And production waste – residues from flint processing – says Wawrusiewicz.

Fragments of flint tools and remains of flint processing were foundPodlasie Museum in Bialystok

He adds that these items belonged to the last hunter-gatherer communities that lived in these lands before the first farmers appeared.

– Probably there was a small camp here – located on a leveled hill – which was established in this place, because the Narew River is located nearby – our interlocutor points out.

In the deepest parts of the excavation fragments of flint tools were found Podlasie Museum in Bialystok

The earth may still hold many mysteries

Hubert Lepionka, on the other hand, emphasizes that these people are sometimes called the last Indians of Europe.

– Traces of their camps are found – as in this case – in dunes located by large rivers – he says.

The plan is to explore a section of approximately 450 meters. So far, 50 meters have been excavated. The work is expected to last until the end of July. The found artifacts will be on display at the Podlasie Museum.

Tykocin.  Archaeologists are working on 11 Listopada Street

Tykocin. Archaeologists are working on 11 Listopada StreetPodlasie Museum in Bialystok

So far, an area of ​​50 meters has been excavated Podlasie Museum in Bialystok

Main photo source: Podlasie Museum in Bialystok

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