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Tuesday, July 16, 2024

UK Elections 2024 Final Results

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In the new term of the British House of Commons, the Labour Party will have 411 MPs, the Conservative Party – 121, and the Liberal Democrats – 72. The recount of votes cast in Thursday's parliamentary elections in the last of the constituencies was not completed until late on Saturday afternoon.

Usually, the counting of votes cast in elections to the House of Commons ends on Friday morning, but this time five constituencies had to be recounted during the day on Friday, and in one of them, in the north Scotlandthere were still doubts and only on Saturday after further recounts it was clarified that the Liberal Democrat candidate had won there. In the case of several parties, the number of seats won differed significantly from the estimated number based on polls exit poll. Elections The Labour Party, which had been in opposition for the previous 14 years, won decisively.

Labour won 411 seats (one more than the exit poll predicted). That is more than twice as many as in the previous election in 2019. It is their third-best result on record, slightly behind those in 1997 and 2001, when they won under Tony Blair.

Conservative Party goes into opposition after 14 years

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Second place was taken by the Conservative Party, which has been in power until Thursday. Its 121 seats (10 fewer than in the exit poll) is three times fewer than in the previous election and the weakest result in history. The previous worst result was 131 seats in 1906. The last pre-election forecasts suggested that the Conservatives could have fewer than a hundred seats and be overtaken by the Liberal Democrats. Although they did not overtake the Conservatives, they are still very happy, because 72 seats (11 more than according to the exit poll) is 61 more than they won five years ago and their best result in history. The fourth largest faction in the House of Commons will be the Scottish National Party (SNP), for which the elections turned out to be a complete disaster. The SNP won only nine of Scotland’s 57 seats (10 according to exit polls), having won 48 of the then 59 Scottish constituencies in 2019. Losing such a large number of seats, mostly to Labour, will seriously undermine the SNP’s case for a new Scottish independence referendum.

UK electionsPAP/EPA/ANDY RAIN

Reform Party UK's “success”

The right-wing populist Reform UK party, led by Nigel Farage, who has been campaigning for the UK to leave the EU for years, will have five seats in the House of Commons. This is rather a success for this party, which has had only one MP so far, and that was one who was elected from the Conservative Party list and only then changed party affiliation. Four seats were won by Green Party (an increase of three) and pro-independence Wales Plaid Cymru (unchanged) and six independent candidates, the highest number in history.

Of the 18 seats allocated Ireland In the Northern constituency, which has a separate party system, seven were won by the republican Sinn Fein party, although its politicians do not cover them anyway, five by the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), two by the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), and one each by the Alliance, the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and the Traditional Unionist Voice (TUV). The final seat in the House of Commons is taken by the Speaker, who, regardless of party affiliation before being elected, stands as Speaker at the next election, and the main parties traditionally do not field candidates in his constituency.

UK Elections. Percentage Results

In terms of percentage of support, 33.7% of voters voted for the Labour Party (1.6 percentage points more than in 2019), 23.7% for the Conservative Party (down 19.9 percentage points), 14.3% for Reform UK (up 12.3 percentage points), 12.2% for the Liberal Democrats (up 0.7 percentage points), 6.4% for the Green Party (up 3.8 percentage points), 2.5% for the SNP (down 1.3 percentage points), 0.7% for Plaid Cymru (up 0.2 percentage points), and 6.1% for other parties (up 3.1 percentage points). On Friday, Conservative Party leader Rishi Sunak resigned as Prime Minister. Labour Party leader Keir Starmer was appointed in his place.

Main image source: Shutterstock



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