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Ukraine. Memorial Day for the Victims of the Great Famine. One minute of silence, candles lit.

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The President of Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky, celebrated the Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Great Famine on Saturday. We will never forget our ancestors who died during the Holodomor period – he said. The Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Great Famine is celebrated every year on the last Saturday in November.

Ukrainians pay tribute to the victims of the Holodomor, for example, with a minute of silence and lighting candles in the windows. – On this day we are full of emotions and let go at the same time. We light a candle and feel a shiver. That day we cry so softly that our silence is heard. On this day, we are honoring millions of our deceased ancestors and praying for the souls of dead Ukrainians – said Zelenski.


Celebrations commemorating the victims of the Holodomor organized in KievEPA / SERGEY DOLZHENKO

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky and his wife Olena take part in the commemoration of the victims of the HolodomorEPA / SERGEY DOLZHENKO

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– We will never forget our ancestors, who died in 1921, 1922 and 1923, in 1946 and 1947, and in the most terrible years of 1932 and 1933 Holodomor (Great Famine) – genocide, caused by the Stalinist totalitarian regime – genocide – he added during celebrations.

Polish diplomats in Ukraine honored the memory of the Holodomor victims.

Celebrations commemorating the victims of the Holodomor organized in KievEPA / SERGEY DOLZHENKO

Over 40 percent Ukrainians want compensation from Russia

According to the Rating data published on Saturday, 44 percent. Ukrainians believe that Joseph Stalin, the leader of the communist empire of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was personally responsible for the organization of the Holodomor. 43 percent Ukrainians would like Russia to pay compensation to Ukrainian citizens who have suffered from the Holodomor and their family members.

Holodomor. Queues for bread by the shop, Kharkiv 1933 National Museum of the Great Famine-Genocide in Kiev

During communism, Ukraine suffered from three waves of hunger: in the early 1920s, then in the 1930s and 1946-1947. The most tragic effect was the Great Famine of 1932-1933, in which up to 25,000 people died daily in the worst period.

The Great Famine occurred in one of the most fertile countries in Europe during peacetime, when the USSR exported huge amounts of grain. In Ukraine, grain and then all food were confiscated by the authorities.

Holodomor. At the confiscated “kulat” grain, early 1930sNational Museum of the Great Famine-Genocide in Kiev

In 1932, the USSR introduced a law on the protection of state property, which allowed a man to be shot for taking one ear from a field belonging to the kolkhoz. There was also a decree on the total blockade of the village due to the alleged sabotage of compulsory grain deliveries. In the opinion of historians, the famine was caused artificially to break the peasant resistance to collectivization. In Ukraine, this resistance was greatest. It is estimated that at least 3.5 million people died during the Great Famine in Ukraine. Poles were also among the victims.

In 2006, Poland recognized the Great Famine in Ukraine as genocide.

Main photo source: EPA / SERGEY DOLZHENKO

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