The World Meteorological Organization announced on Wednesday the results of its report on fatalities and material losses caused by extreme weather events. Two million people died in natural disasters in the last 50 years, most of them in the drought in Ethiopia in 1983, the report said.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), an agency of the United Nations, said its Atlas is the most comprehensive report on fatalities and economic losses caused by extreme weather events.
The report summarizes about 11,000 disasters that occurred between 1979 and 2019. In total, two million people died there. The greatest number of deaths was recorded during the drought in Ethiopia in 1983 – 300,000, while the most material losses were caused by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Their value is estimated at $ 163.61 billion.
WMO: more disasters in the world
The report revealed an upward trend in disasters, the number of which in the last decade was almost five times higher than in the 1970s. The WMO attributed the increase to both climate change and better-kept disaster registers.
Losses have also increased, from $ 175.4 billion in the 1970s to $ 1.38 trillion in the last decade.
In turn, the death toll has decreased. While during the disasters in the 1970s over 50,000 people died people, about 18 thousand people have lost their lives in recent years. people. WMO indicated that this was the result of better disaster management planning. More than 91 percent of the two million deaths came from developing countries.
The organization hopes that the report will be used by governments to implement regulations that will give people better protection.
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