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USA. The US president and Indian prime minister announced “landmark” defense and technology deals

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US President Joe Biden and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday announced a series of “landmark” agreements on defense cooperation, technology transfer and investment in semiconductors, heralding a “new chapter” in relations between the two powers. The leaders also discussed on Russia’s war against Ukraine.

“We are moving away from the old seller-buyer relationship that we had before and we are moving today to a relationship that involves technology transfer, joint development and joint production,” said India’s prime minister. Narendra Modi during a press conference at the White House.

At the conference, Biden and Modi announced a number of deals, including the sale of MQ-9B Sea Guardian combat drones, production in India General Electric F414 jet engines for Indian fighter jets and a plan to build a plant for Micron, one of the largest semiconductor manufacturers.

US-Indian technological agreement

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Earlier in Pentagons The INDUS-X agreement was signed on September 10, 2010, which is intended to “expand strategic technological partnership” and cooperation between the defense industries of both countries. Indian media assessed that the agreements would be a breakthrough, because the US had been very reluctant to share technology with India so far.

Joe Biden He also said that during the visit, Indian companies announced investments in the US worth more than $2 billion, including a solar panel plant in Colorado, a steel plant in Ohio and fiber optics.

In turn, Modi announced that the two countries had resolved long-standing trade disputes within the WTO, concerning, inter alia, tariffs on steel. India will also join the US-led The Artemis Agreement on the principles of space exploration and jointly with NASA will depart for the International Space Station next year.

“We are doubling our cooperation to secure semiconductor supply chains, promote open telecommunications networks, and advancing our defense partnership with more joint exercises, more cooperation between our defense industries, and greater coordination and cooperation across domains,” the US president said, calling the relationship India one of the most important in the world.

Biden and Modi discussed Ukraine

Biden said he spoke with Modi, among other things. on “joint efforts to mitigate the effects of the humanitarian tragedies caused by Russia’s brutal war in Ukraine” and to “defend the fundamental principles of the United Nations Charter, sovereignty and territorial integrity.”

Joe Biden and Narendra ModiStefani Reynolds/PAP/EPA

Modi said that India “since the beginning of the events in Ukraine insisted on resolving the dispute through dialogue and diplomacy” and added that “to solve these problems, it is necessary for all countries to unite.” The leaders of the two countries also discussed security in the Indo-Pacific region.

A “New Era” in Washington-Delhi Relations

During the briefing announcing the meeting of leaders, representatives of the White House stated that a number of agreements, including on military technology transfer, semiconductor manufacturing, artificial intelligence mark a “new era” in Washington-Delhi relations.

Modi is only the third foreign leader, after the presidents of France and South Korea, to be received by Biden as part of a state visit, i.e. with a full ceremony and gala dinner. During the welcome at the White House, about 7,000 representatives of the Indian diaspora gathered on the lawn, chanting pro-government slogans.

The visit reflects the importance attached by the US administration to relations with India in the light of rivalry with China. Washington has consistently refrained from criticizing the Indian authorities in connection with, among other things, with the purchase of Russian oil, a neutral attitude towards Russia’s war against Ukraine, or violations human rightsof which Modi is accused.

Biden and talks “about democratic values”

According to the Washington Post, the Biden administration also counts on India’s gradual independence from Russian weapons, which is to constitute the vast majority of India’s arsenal.

As recently as 2005, Modi, then the prime minister of Gujarat, was banned from entering the US over accusations of passivity in the face of an anti-Muslim massacre in that state. Already as the prime minister of the whole country, he is accused of limiting the freedom of the press and allowing the persecution of Muslims and other religious minorities.

President Biden and Prime Minister of IndiaAl Drago/PAP/EPA

Thursday’s White House conference was the first press conference by an Indian prime minister since he took power in Delhi nine years ago. On Thursday, the head of government will deliver a speech before the combined chambers of Congress, for the second time during his rule.

Biden said on Thursday he had a “good conversation about democratic values” and the two leaders were honest with each other.

When asked e.g. On the issue of discrimination against Muslims, Modi said that Indians have democracy in their DNA and that democracy cannot exist without freedom of the press and human rights. He added that in his country “discrimination has no place” and “absolutely no discrimination, neither on the basis of race, caste, creed, age or geography”.

Main photo source: Stefani Reynolds/PAP/EPA

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