The referendum held together with the elections is not binding – less than half of those eligible voted. Over 50 percent turnout was achieved only in Podkarpacie. We present how Poles answered the four referendum questions and how the turnout was distributed.
Sunday’s referendum was held together with the parliamentary elections. October 17 at 9 a.m. National Electoral Commission (PKW) published data from 100 percent of voting precincts. According to these results, five parties got into the Sejm. Law and Justice won 35.38 percent of the votes, Civic Coalition – 30.70 percent, Third Road – 14.40 percent, New Left – 8.61 percent, and Confederation – 7.16 percent of the votes. The turnout was 74.38 percent.
40.91 percent of eligible voters took part in the referendum – it also includes complete data from all electoral districts. The results are not binding because less than half of those eligible voted. Data from the National Electoral Commission (PKW) show that 12,082,588 people voted in the referendum, and 29,532,595 people were entitled to vote.
The referendum asked four questions. The first one was: “Do you support the sale of state assets to foreign entities, leading to the loss of control by Polish women and men over strategic sectors of the economy?”, the next one was asked: “Do you support raising the retirement age, including restoring the retirement age for women increased to 67 years? and men?” The third question was: “Do you support the elimination of the barrier on the border between the Republic of Poland and the Republic of Belarus?”, and the fourth: “Do you support the admission of thousands of illegal immigrants from the Middle East and Africa, in accordance with the forced relocation mechanism imposed by the European bureaucracy?”
We present how Poles answered individual questions and in which voivodeships there were the most “no” answers. We also discuss turnout data in detail – because the referendum campaign was centered around it. The government presented the plebiscite as crucial to making decisions regarding Poland’s security and sovereignty. The opposition called for a boycott of the vote. She argued that in fact it did not raise controversial issues and was only intended to be an element of the ruling camp’s election campaign.
Almost all voters chose “no”. Minimally less objection to the question about the retirement age
The data available on the National Electoral Commission’s website shows that the first, third and fourth referendum questions – i.e. about the sale of state property, the elimination of the barrier on the border with Belarus and the mechanism for relocating migrants – were answered by over 96 percent. voters answered “no”. When asked the second question – about raising the retirement age – the answer was “no” by less than 95 percent. taking part in the referendum.
In response to the first question regarding the “sale of state assets”, the answer was “no” by 96.49%. entitled to vote. The answer “yes” was chosen by 3.51 percent. entitled. The most “no” votes were cast in the following voivodeships: Podkarpackie – 97.32 percent; Świętokrzyskie – 97.1 percent; Lubelskie – 96.92 percent; Lesser Poland – 96.86 percent; Podlaskie – 96.79 percent
In response to the second question regarding raising the retirement age, the answer was “no” by 94.61%. voting participants, and the answer “yes” was 5.39%. In the case of this question, the most common answer was “no” from the inhabitants of the following voivodeships: Podkarpackie – 95.86%; Świętokrzyskie – 95.58 percent; Lubelskie – 95.56 percent; Podlaskie – 95.4 percent; Łódź – 95.37 percent
96.04 percent referendum participants answered “no” to the question about eliminating the barrier on the border with Belarus. “Yes” answered 3.96 percent. The answer “no” was most often chosen by voters from the following voivodeships: Podkarpackie – 96.73 percent; Lubelskie – 96.55 percent; Lesser Poland Voivodeship – 96.54 percent; Łódź province – 96.29 percent; Podlaskie – 96.27 percent
When asked about support for “admitting thousands of illegal immigrants from the Middle East and Africa”, the answer was “no” by 96.79 percent. voters. “Yes” answered 3.21 percent. referendum participants. The most “no” answers were in the following voivodeships: Świętokrzyskie – 97.36 percent. Lublin – 97.3 percent Podkarpackie – 97.29 percent Łódź: 97.27 percent Lesser Poland: 97.21 percent
Only a few voters chose the answer “yes”. So let’s pay attention to just one example – questions about raising the retirement age. The largest number of affirmative answers came from the inhabitants of the following voivodeships: Pomeranian Voivodeship – 6.25 percent; Lower Silesia – 5.99 percent; Masovian Voivodeship – 5.97 percent; Lubuskie – 5.89 percent; West Pomeranian Voivodeship – 5.85 percent
Turnout in voivodeships: only in Podkarpacie more than half of eligible voters voted
Only in one voivodeship – Podkarpackie – the turnout exceeded 50%. 52.24% of people participated in the referendum there. entitled. The highest turnout was in the following voivodeships: Lublin – 49.09 percent; Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship – 48.02 percent, Lesser Poland Voivodeship – 47.04 percent. and in Podlaskie – 46.15 percent.
The least number of eligible voters took part in the referendum in the Lubuskie Voivodeship – 33.01%. The following voivodeships took the following places: Pomeranian Voivodeship – 33.93%; West Pomeranian Voivodeship – 34.34 percent; Opole Voivodeship – 34.99 percent and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship – 36.04 percent
The turnout was significantly higher in rural areas (47.71%) than in cities (36.81%). The National Electoral Commission’s data clearly shows that the larger the town, the lower the voter turnout. In communes up to 5 thousand inhabitants, the turnout was 48.71%, in cities with over 200,000 inhabitants. residents, turnout slightly exceeded 32%.
What is noteworthy is the low turnout abroad – 29.45%.
Municipalities with the highest and lowest turnout
As for communes: the highest turnout was in the commune of Chrzanów in the province. Lesser Poland. There, 81.33% of people participated in the referendum. entitled. Further in this ranking are the following communes: Klwów (79.22%), Bielany (75.76%), Szulborze Wielkie (75.43%), Godziszów (74.52%), Odrzywół (74.52%). percent), Koszarawa (71.96 percent), Rusinów (70.94 percent), Laskowa (70.94 percent) and Kulesze Kościelne (70.03 percent).
The lowest turnout was in the Dobrzeń Wielki commune in the province. Opole Province – 24.6 percent The next places in this classification are taken by: the city of Gubin (25.55%); Sopot (26.19%); the city of Łęknica (26.4%); Komorniki commune (26.58%); the city of Wisła (26.63%); Dobra commune (26.87%); Poznań (26.89%); Łubniany commune (26.99%); Warsaw district of Wilanów: 27.06 percent
Ipsos study: turnout by gender and age
The turnout in Sunday’s referendum was 42 percent among men and 38.1 percent among women. – according to an exit poll conducted by Ipsos.
Ipsos also examined how eligible voters voted in the referendum, broken down by age. The highest turnout was recorded among people aged 50-59%. – it amounted to 45.7 percent. The lowest turnout was among the youngest voters, aged 18-29 – here it amounted to 32.5%.
In the group of voters aged 30-39, the turnout was 40.3%, among people aged 40-49 it was 40.2%, and in the group of voters over 60 years of age, 40 took part in the referendum. 6 percent entitled – according to the Ipsos study.
What percentage of participants in the parliamentary elections also downloaded the referendum card
What proportion of people who participated in the parliamentary elections on October 15 also downloaded referendum cards? To answer this question, we compiled the National Electoral Commission’s data on the number of voters who were issued voting cards in the parliamentary elections (21,984,555) and the number of voters who were issued referendum cards (12,152,549). On a national scale, 55.28% of voters downloaded referendum cards. voters.
And what did it look like divided into voivodeships? Voters from the following voivodeships most often collected referendum cards: Podkarpackie – 74.81%; Lubelskie – 69.77 percent; Świętokrzyskie – 67.71 percent; Podlaskie – 65.84 percent; Lesser Poland Voivodeship – 62.74 percent;
The fewest voters downloaded cards in the following voivodeships: Pomeranian – 45.31%; Lubuskie – 46.5 percent; West Pomeranian Voivodeship – 48.18 percent; Lower Silesia – 49.17 percent; Greater Poland – 49.73 percent
Main photo source: PAP