14.7 C
London
Thursday, May 30, 2024

War in Ukraine – counter-offensive. What equipment does it have? What is the key element of armament? The expert comments

Must read

- Advertisement -


President Volodymyr Zelensky announced that Ukraine is now ready to launch the long-awaited counter-offensive. According to military expert Mariusz Cielma, from the point of view of a land counter-offensive, the most important weapons are tanks, infantry fighting vehicles and artillery. The core of this armament are supplies from the Western allies.

“You know more or less what Ukraine should get it, but we don’t know the details of the timing and quantities that have already arrived. Ukraine – for obvious reasons – does not want and cannot disclose such information. Surprise is a key condition for the effectiveness of the announced offensive,” Mariusz Cielma, editor-in-chief of Nowa Technika Wojskowa, told PAP.

Tvn24.pl report: Russia’s attack on Ukraine >>>

Tanks

- Advertisement -

On May 30, Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov announced that Ukraine already has two battalions of Leopard 2 tanks, which gives a total of about 60 machines. These tanks donated e.g. GermanyPoland, NetherlandsSweden, Portugal, Spain and Canada. The Germans also announced that a batch of 20-25 Leopard 1 tanks would be delivered “by summer” (Ultimately, Kiev is to receive over 100 of these machines by spring next year). Great Britain informed about the transfer of 14 Challenger 2 tanks. American Abrams M1A1 tanks are also to be delivered to Ukraine, but – although Ukrainian soldiers have probably already started training on this equipment – it is still a perspective of at least several months.

Ukrainian soldiers train under the supervision of German and Danish instructorsPAP/EPA/CLEMENS BALANCE

In the spring, Reznikov said that Ukraine hopes to eventually create two battalions with Leopard 2 tanks, as well as “six or seven battalions” equipped with Leopard 1 tanks. In addition, Ukraine still has a number of Soviet model tanks that it had before the war , and those that were supplied by the Western allies from their supplies.

Oleksiy Reznikov in the Leopard tank from PolandReznikov Oleksiy/Facebook

Infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers

The decision to provide Ukraine with Western tanks such as the Leopard or Challenger (the French Leclerc was also mentioned) was considered a breakthrough in the process of support for Kiev. However, experts pointed out that there should be more of them. In addition, in their opinion, the need for infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers is even more critical, because they increase the effectiveness of infantry operations and their safety on the battlefield.

Western allies promised Ukraine American Bradley combat vehicles (about 60), German Marders (40), and Stryker armored personnel carriers (90). Some of these machines have already reached Ukraine, but the exact number is difficult to determine. At least a dozen of the 40 AMX-10RC wheeled fire support vehicles (wrongly called “light tanks” in the media) have already been donated by France. The Swedes promised to send about 50 CV-90 IFVs armed with a 40 mm gun.

Bradley armored personnel carriersUS Army National Guard photo by 1LT Robert Barney/DVIDS

“According to information from open sources, since October 2022, Washington and allies have transferred to Ukraine only about 200 infantry fighting vehicles, 400 armored personnel carriers and about 200 tanks, as well as a small number of French machines,” assessed in May analyst John Hardie of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

In December 2022, in an interview with “The Economist”, the commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian army, General Valeriy Załużny, mentioned specific needs regarding armament. The military indicated then that “300 tanks, 600-700 infantry fighting vehicles, 500 howitzers” were needed.

According to the RBK Ukraine portal, as part of earlier deliveries (since the beginning of the large-scale invasion), a total of over a thousand armored personnel carriers, including American M113 and M1117 vehicles, have been delivered to Ukraine.

Artillery

The West supplied Ukraine with various types of artillery armament, including American M777 howitzers, French Caesar gun-howitzers, Slovakian Zuzanas, Polish Krabs, as well as multiple launchers, as well as equipment of Soviet models.

Polish crabs in UkraineFACEBOOK.COM/CINCAFU

In April, the defense ministry in Kiev announced that it had received new generation Caesars from Denmark (a total of 19 were to be delivered), which Copenhagen ordered in France for its own army.

Sweden has promised to deliver eight Archer self-propelled automated howitzers.

In January, Great Britain approved the transfer of 30 AS90 gun-howitzers to Ukraine. This model is the origin of the Polish Kraby, which was handed over to Ukraine last year. Minister Oleksiy Reznikov said in October last year that Ukraine had received three squadrons of Krabs (54 vehicles).

At the beginning of May, it was reported that the first M109 (Paladin) systems promised by the US in January, which are a modern version of the basic American self-propelled howitzers, arrived in Ukraine. In total, 18 guns were announced in the package.

In May, CNN reported that Ukraine had so far received 18 HIMARS systems from the US (out of the total promised 38), and other NATO allies (Germany, France, Norway) had donated 10 tracked counterparts (MLRS).

HIMARS rocket launchersTwitter/@mblaszczak

As the Ukrainian side assured, “100% efficiency” is shown by the Storm Shadow cruise missiles provided by Great Britain. Developed by Britain and France, they have a far greater range than any other Western missiles donated to Ukraine so far. According to the manufacturer’s specifications, their maximum range is 560 km, although in the export version it is between 250 and 300 km. For comparison, the HIMARS rocket artillery systems can hit targets up to 80 km away.

“Before the announced counter-offensive, Ukraine probably has about 9-10 newly organized brigades”

“In recent months, Ukrainian soldiers have been undergoing training on Western modern equipment. The information provided shows that these trainings were approached very reliably, so that soldiers could not only use them, but also use them tactically, as part of larger formations” – said Mariusz Cielma.

“Before the announced counter-offensive, Ukraine probably has around 9-10 newly organized brigades. In addition, assault brigades were created within the National Guard (under the Ministry of Internal Affairs) (at the beginning of May, eight such brigades were announced), which were created thanks to the expansion of smaller units. they will be less equipped than military units, but this does not mean that they will be less useful” – added Cielma.

Main photo source: PAP/EPA/CLEMENS BALANCE



Source link

More articles

- Advertisement -

Latest article