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Warsaw. Mariusz Nowik on the insurgent press

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– We read, among others, about Antek from Czerniaków, a newsboy, who became the best shooter in the district, we read about Basia, a brave soldier, who unfortunately died in Krakowskie Przedmieście when she was running to destroy a tank with an incendiary bottle. We also read about the cruelty of the Germans – described journalist Mariusz Nowik on TVN24 when asked about the insurgent press.

About that, how the press described the beginning of the uprising in his podcast says Mariusz Nowik, journalist and publisher of tvn24.pl. He also told about it on TVN24.

– During the Warsaw Uprising, from August 1 to October 5, a total of 167 titles were published. It was the insurgent press, it was the underground press, it was a very important press for Poles. It was an outpouring, an outpouring of the insurgent press, described Nowik.

“It must have been a huge sacrifice”

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Mariusz Nowik pointed out that today we can look at these articles because they have been preserved in the archives. He brought a few of them to the studio, because, as he pointed out, if he brought them all, they would definitely not fit on the table.

– We can see what was written about then, what people were interested in. The press was a very important carrier of information – he said.

– It should be emphasized that the very beginning of the uprising was a great enthusiasm. There was information about the next occupied streets, there was information about the next occupied blocks, institutions, important buildings for Warsaw, but also information addressed to the population appeared immediately. The insurgent press, which should be clearly emphasized, also had a very important function of educating the population. You could find information on how to set up a field kitchen, you could find information on how to set up a help point where you could give your child care for a while. There was information on where to seek help in case of a wound sustained in battle. There were advertisements from people looking for loved ones – he noted.

He added that the press “spread all over Warsaw”. – It is estimated that 250 journalists participated in the preparation of the insurgent press, but only journalists. And we are also talking about printing, about distribution, it must have been a huge sacrifice – he said.

He also described that distribution was mainly done by scouts who had to reach the farthest corners of Warsaw. – It was a huge undertaking. The press was supposed to integrate people, inform people, lift people’s spirits, he enumerated.

Promoting heroism

He also pointed to specific articles, including a text published in the Republic of Poland, where one could read that “help is coming”.

– Indeed, this help was coming, maybe not to the extent we expected, but the expectation for help, the expectation of victory was huge. It should also be emphasized that the press was also supposed to promote certain attitudes. It was to promote heroic attitudes – he pointed out.

– We read, among others, about Antek from Czerniaków, a newsboy, who became the best shooter in the district, we read about Basia, a brave soldier, who unfortunately died in Krakowskie Przedmieście when she was running to destroy a tank with an incendiary bottle. We also read about the cruelty of the Germans. In the same issue that writes about Basia’s heroism, there is also a mention of the villainous, as the author writes, the behavior of the Germans, who put civilians in front of the tanks that were going to storm the insurgent barricade – he added.

In another of the titles – the newspaper “Barykady Powiśle” – we could read epigrams and insurgent jokes. – Because people needed respite, people needed a return to normality, understanding that the Polish state works, but also in the sphere of culture – said Mariusz Nowik.

He also quoted one of the announcements: “Antoni Maciejewski informs his wife Leokadia that he is alive and asks her to let me know, Szpitalna 12”.

– Such information, very short, was even life-and-death for people who were separated from their loved ones during the uprising – he said.

Meeting with the insurgents

The official celebration of the 79th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising was inaugurated on Sunday, July 30, by the meeting of President Andrzej Duda and President of Warsaw Rafał Trzaskowski with the Warsaw insurgents in the Freedom Park at the Warsaw Uprising Museum. The president presented the participants of the uprising with state orders and decorations.

The Warsaw Uprising was the largest military operation of the underground in German-occupied Europe. On August 1, 1944, about 40-50 thousand people took part in the fight. insurgents. Planned for a few days, it took over two months. About 18,000 people died during the fighting in Warsaw. insurgents, and 25,000 were injured. Losses among the civilian population were huge and amounted to approx. 180,000. killed. The surviving inhabitants of Warsaw, about 500,000, were expelled from the destroyed city, which was almost completely destroyed by the Germans after the uprising.

Main photo source: TVN24



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