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Friday, December 1, 2023

Warsaw Uprising. 77th anniversary celebration in Warsaw

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Throughout the day, celebrations related to the 77th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising are held in various places in Warsaw. In the morning they started with laying flowers in front of the plaque commemorating the signing of the 1944 order to start the uprising. Later, they moved to the monument “Fighting Mokotów 1944” in the park. Gen. Gustaw Orlicz-Dreszer. The symbolic “fire of memory” was lit there and the monument was illuminated for 63 days.


  • President Rolski, Andrzej Duda, laid a wreath in front of the plaques on a fragment of the wall of J. Franaszek’s factory, in the place of remembrance of the seven thousand inhabitants of Wola murdered by the Germans.

  • As part of the Sunday ceremonies, flowers at the statue of General Zbigniew Scibor-Rylski “Butterfly” in the park. march. Edward Rydz-Śmigły was submitted by the vice-president of Warsaw, Renata Kaznowska.

    She also mentioned him in a post on Facebook: “He used to say: ‘I am convinced that the inhabitants of Warsaw will keep their promise and will pass one generation to another (…) the most precious treasure. The treasure of freedom.’ Warsaw remembers about General Zbigniew Scibor-Rylski, Ps. Motyl”.

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  • “We cannot doubt freedom. We owe it to the insurgents. Praise the Heroes!” – wrote the leader of the Civic Platform and the chairman of the European People’s Party, Donald Tusk.

    – Remember: you must not doubt your freedom, even if you fall – said Tusk on a recording published on Twitter, quoting the words of the poet and insurgent Stanisław Marczak-Oborski. – When we stop at the sound of sirens, let us remember that the insurgents died so that every year, as soon as the sirens go silent, we can return to the normal safe life of free people. Our freedom gives special meaning to their sacrifice. And that is why we cannot doubt it – he emphasized.

  • Deputy Mayor of Warsaw Robert Soszyński at the monument “Mokotów Fighting 1944”.

    The ceremony was also attended by, among others: Deputy Speaker of the Sejm Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska, Deputy Speaker of the Sejm Małgorzata Gosiewska, Secretary of State in the Chancellery of the Prime Minister and Government Plenipotentiary for Polish Diaspora and Poles Abroad Jan Dziedziczak, director of the Warsaw branch of the Institute of National Remembrance Jerzy Eisler, chairwoman of the Warsaw Council Ewa Malinowska -Grupińska and members of the Civic Coalition: Michał Szczerba, Joanna Fabisiak and Tomasz Siemoniak.

  • Every year, on the anniversary of the liberation uprising in the evening, the Memorial Bonfire is lit on the Mound of the Warsaw Uprising. However, this year due to ongoing revitalization of the area around the Mound, the ceremony was moved to the park. Gen. Gustaw Orlicz-Dreszer.

  • In the photo, the president of the World Association of Home Army Soldiers, Leszek Żukowski, at the monument “Mokotów Fighting 1944” in the park. Gen. Gustaw Orlicz-Dreszer.

    During these ceremonies, the national flag was raised, the “memory fire” was lit and the monument was illuminated for 63 days.

  • Tribute to the heroes of the Warsaw Uprising is also paid by representatives of the US Embassy in Warsaw. “On August 1, 1944, Poles faced a heroic fight for their beloved city and homeland. Together with soldiers from the NATO Multinational Battle Group in Orzysz under the leadership of the US Army, we pay tribute to the heroes of the Warsaw Uprising. We remember!” – we read in the post on the embassy’s Facebook.

  • The German Embassy informed that on Sunday the flags of the German representations in Poland are lowered to the middle of the masts. “As a sign of deep pain and shame over the cruel crimes of the German occupier in the fight against the people of Warsaw during the Warsaw Uprising” – the embassy explained on Facebook.

  • “Thanks to the Uprising, we exist, and the next generations have a chance for development and a good life. But the Uprising also reminds us that no one relieves us of responsibility for Poland” – wrote on Twitter Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Culture, National Heritage and Sport Prof. Piotr Gliński. “We owe memory, tribute and understanding. Prayer,” he added.

  • On its Facebook profile, Warsaw published a recording of the insurgents evacuating from the Old Town to Nowy Świat Street from the canal under Karowa Street. During the Warsaw Uprising, the canals were used precisely as communication routes between various districts of the city.

  • Kaznowska also mentioned a “small, fragile woman” who fought in the Uprising – Mrs. Halina Dudzik-Jędrzejewska pseud. Sławka: – Who the day before yesterday, while standing supported by two people, did not allow me to sit down. She had to stand, she wanted to stand, to tell us – very overwhelming words for me – remember the Insurgents, remember the Uprising – said the deputy mayor of the capital.

  • – Filtrowa 68 is one of the most important addresses on the insurgent map of Warsaw. It is here that the plaque behind me reminds the new, young generation of Warsaw. It is here, at this address, that Colonel “Monter” gave the order to rise. This event is still considered one of the most important in the newest Poland. Here, too, the decision was made at “W” hour. We have the privilege that we live at a time when you – insurgents – are with us – said the vice-president of Warsaw, Renata Kaznowska, who was present at the ceremony.

  • Celebrations have begun in front of the plaque commemorating the signing of the order to start the Warsaw Uprising.

The largest military action

The Warsaw Uprising was the largest underground military operation in German-occupied Europe. On August 1, 1944, about 40,000-50,000 insurgents joined the fight in the capital. Planned for several days, it lasted over two months.

During the fighting in Warsaw, about 18,000 insurgents died and 25,000 were wounded. Losses among the civilians were enormous and amounted to approximately 180,000 killed. The surviving inhabitants of Warsaw (about half a million) were expelled from the city, which after the uprising was almost completely burned down and demolished.


Main photo source: Piotr Nowak, PAP

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