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Warsaw. Walking along the route of the ghetto monuments. Date and route

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Wednesday, April 19 marks the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. As part of the celebrations, on Sunday, April 23, a prayer march “On the Trail of the Warsaw Ghetto Monuments” will take place. Its participants will silently walk along the route of the Warsaw trail of Jewish martyrdom, reciting psalms.

The organizer of the prayer march is the Polish Council of Christians and Jews. It will start at 16 at the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes at ul. Zamenhof, a Jewish and Christian prayer for the dead. Its participants will recite Psalm 44 together.

Walk route

The next station is planned at the “Żegota” Monument – the Tree of the Righteous, where the “Our Father” and Psalm 140 will be recited. At the memorial stone of Szmul Zygielbojm, participants of the march will recite Psalm 74, and at Bunkier at Miła 18 – the Jewish prayer for the dead and Psalm 94 The march will end at the Umschlagplatz monument with psalms 88 and 70 and the prayer of Pope John Paul II for the Jewish nation.

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Jewish prayers during the march will be led by rabbis: Yehoshua Ellis, Icchak Rapoport and Stas Wojciechowicz as well as Małgorzata Kordowicz, while Christian prayers will be led by clergy from various Christian Churches, e.g. Archbishop Grzegorz Ryś, chairman of the committee for dialogue with Judaism at the Polish Bishops’ Conference; Lutheran clergy: the parish priest of the Holy Trinity parish in Warsaw, Fr. Piotr Gaś, director of the Polish Ecumenical Council, Fr. Grzegorz Giemza.

80th anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Debate on TVN24 about history, identity and memory. No trace was to be left, and “there is so much memory”. “This is one of the miracles.”

80 years ago

80 years ago, on April 19, 1943, an uprising broke out in the Warsaw Ghetto. It was the largest armed uprising of Jews during World War II, as well as the first urban uprising in occupied Europe.

The Warsaw ghetto was the largest among those established by the Germans, and the first concepts of its creation were adopted by the Germans at the beginning of November 1939. In the autumn, cases of typhus began to appear – then a rumor spread that the source of the disease was the part of the city most inhabited by Jews. At the turn of winter and spring, signs informing about the typhus danger zone began to be visible, and in March 1940, Adam Czerniaków, the president of the Warsaw Judenrat, received an order to build a wall around the “epidemic area”, as the Germans referred to this part of the city.

The outbreak of the uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto

The fighting began in the morning of April 19, 1943, when 850 members of the Waffen-SS armed with machine guns, flamethrowers, cannons, armored cars and tanks entered the ghetto through the gate from the side of Nalewki. They were attacked by Jewish insurgents who succeeded in the first battle. In the afternoon of the same day, more numerous and better armed German troops, led by a high-ranking SS officer, Juergen Stroop, entered the ghetto again.

READ: “The uprising was not a suicide mission. On the contrary. My father wanted to live. At all costs.”

About a thousand poorly armed insurgents took part in the fighting. The Germans opposed them with over 2,000. members of the Wehrmacht, SS and auxiliary Ukrainian and Latvian units. Armored vehicles and artillery were used against the insurgents.

On May 8, the Germans discovered and surrounded a huge shelter at ul. Miła 18, where there were several hundred people, including the staff of the Jewish Fighting Organization and over 100 Jewish fighters. At the call of the Germans, civilians left, while most of the insurgents, together with their commander Mordechai Anielewicz, committed suicide.

However, the fighting of individual insurgent groups continued, in May and June. For the Germans, a symbolic act of “completion of the mission to finally deal with the Jews of Warsaw” was the blowing up of the Great Synagogue at ul. Tłomackie.

SEE: Gehenna in the middle of the city. Memories of survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto.

Main photo source: TVN24

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