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when do driver’s factors expire?

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Pink Bull’s Sergio Perez can be coming into the 2024 F1 season with probably the most penalty factors on his tremendous licence after being discovered to have induced a number of incidents in 2023. Along with his team-mate Max Verstappen additionally having a few factors below his belt, the Pink Bull group have probably the most penalty factors of any group.  

What are driver penalty factors?

The F1 penalty level system is in place to attempt to management driver behaviour and minimise racing incidents.  

Just like an everyday driving licence, if a driver is given 12 penalty factors on their tremendous licence over a 12-month interval, they are going to be punished with a one-race ban. If a driver receives a ban, then the factors can be faraway from a driver’s tremendous licence once they return.  

Any factors given to drivers expire 12 months after they have been awarded.  

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Listed here are all of the penalty factors that have been handed out to drivers in 2023 and when they may expire:  

Sergio Perez – Seven factors

Albon was deflected off-line, having to then brake arduous, which resulted in a lock-up of his tyres as he tried to keep away from hitting the wall. Each drivers have been summoned to the race stewards, who determined that Albon had tried to take the conventional racing line via the nook however was unaware of the exact location of Perez. In addition they concluded that the Mexican’s transfer up the within was thought of to be an “optimistic late manoeuvre” and he was predominately guilty for the collision. 

Perez was then awarded 4 factors on the 2023 Japanese Grand Prix the next week for 2 separate incidents. The primary two penalty factors have been awarded after he handed Fernando Alonso below security automobile situations following a Lap 1 collision between himself, Carlos Sainz and Lewis Hamilton. Perez managed to limp his automobile again to the pits however within the course of overtook the Aston Martin. 

The Pink Bull driver was handed a five-second penalty for the incident, which he served 10 laps later throughout a pitstop. He rejoined the race behind Haas’ Kevin Magnussen however tried an unsuccessful overtake on the hairpin. Pink Bull retired Perez’s automobile to restore the harm, nonetheless, later within the race the automobile was then despatched again out to serve one other five-second penalty earlier than being retired for good on lap 43. The crash with Kevin Magnussen additionally resulted in two extra tremendous licence penalty factors for Sergio Perez. 

Perez’s ultimate two penalty factors got to him on the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix after inflicting a collision with Lando Norris. Throughout an intense battle for fourth place, the Pink Bull tried to drive up the within of the McLaren throughout the Flip 6-7 chicane. Nonetheless, a correction by the Mexican resulted in him crashing into the front-left wheel of the British driver, forcing Norris to go broad. Perez completed the race in second place however after being hit with a five-second penalty, dropped to fourth. 

Inflicting a collision with Alex Albon 

Overtaking Fernando Alonso below security automobile situations 

Inflicting a collision with Kevin Magnussen 

Inflicting a collision with Lando Norris 

Logan Sargeant – Six factors

Logan Sargeant managed to acquire six factors on his tremendous licence in his rookie yr, and obtained his first two penalty factors for inflicting a collision with Valtteri Bottas on the Italian Grand Prix. The Alfa Romeo driver had efficiently overtaken the Williams on Flip 1 of lap 43, however Sargeant then tried to return again at Bottas into the second chicane. The American pulled within the Finnish driver, the place he then locked up and went into the Alfa Romeo sidepod. 

Sargeant then obtained two extra penalty factors for colliding, once more, with Valtteri Bottas on the Japanese Grand Prix. The pair clashed on lap 5 at Suzuka’s hairpin when Sargeant hit the Alfa Romeo’s right-rear tyre as he tried to overhaul him on the surface of the nook. Each automobiles tried to hold on however, with terminal harm, the Alfa Romeo and Williams have been each retired from the race. 

Logan Sargeant, Williams FW45, Daniel Ricciardo, AlphaTauri AT04

Photograph by: Mark Sutton / Motorsport Images

Sargeant’s ultimate two penalty factors got here throughout qualifying for the Mexican Grand Prix after he was deemed by stewards to have overtaken Yuki Tsunoda throughout yellow flags situations. The Williams driver had mentioned he had seen a inexperienced panel earlier than overtaking the slow-moving AlphaTauri, however stewards famous: “Overtaking can solely happen after passing the inexperienced panel or flag. It was additionally famous that he didn’t make a enough discount in pace.” 

Inflicting a collision with Valtteri Bottas 

Inflicting a collision with Valtteri Bottas 

Failure to adjust to a yellow flag throughout qualifying 

Lance Stroll – 5 factors

Lance Stroll was given 5 penalty factors throughout the 2023 season, and his first two factors have been awarded after a collision with Pierre Gasly on the British Grand Prix. A earlier manoeuvre earlier within the race between the pair had left the Alpine driver “extraordinarily confused” that the Aston Martin driver had not been punished for gaining the benefit off monitor. Gasly was capable of reclaim the place again later within the race, nonetheless on lap 48 Stroll tried an overtake on Vale nook, which resulted in a collision.   

The crash left the Alpine with harm, which noticed Gasly retired from the race. Stroll was then awarded a five-second penalty and two factors on his tremendous licence after stewards decided that Gasly was “entitled to the road on the exit” and that the Aston Martin driver was liable for the collision. 

Stroll was then awarded three penalty factors on the Las Vegas Grand Prix for overtaking below yellow flag situations throughout FP3. Stroll overtook Carlos Sainz as double yellow flags have been being waved, after Albon collided with the obstacles. The Aston Martin driver then claimed he had his “head down” and his sprint, however it was determined by the stewards that he may have accomplished extra to keep away from the incident. 

Collision with Pierre Gasly 

Overtaking below yellow flag situations 

Lewis Hamilton – 4 factors

Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton obtained 4 penalty factors no his tremendous licence throughout the 2023 season. His first two factors have been awarded after inflicting a collision with Pink Bull’s Sergio Perez on the Belgian Grand Prix. The pair have been wheel to wheel throughout Turns 14 and 15 earlier than Hamilton’s automobile punctured Perez’s aspect pod. The Pink Bull was compelled to retire after being handed by a number of different automobiles and ending up within the gravel following the incident.  

Hamilton was then awarded an additional two penalty factors on the Italian Grand Prix for inflicting a collision with Oscar Piastri. The pair got here collectively on the second chicane, which compelled the McLaren to pit for a brand new entrance wing. Hamilton was fast to apologise to Piastri and take full blame for the accident however was awarded a five-second penalty and two factors on his tremendous licence. 

Inflicting a collision with Sergio Perez 

Inflicting a collision with Oscar Piastri 

George Russell – 4 factors

George Russell was awarded 4 factors on his tremendous licence over the past F1 season, with the primary two factors coming on the Monaco Grand Prix. Russell skidded off the monitor at Mirabeau after switching to intermediates because it started to rain. He then rejoined the monitor tightly in entrance of Sergio Perez, ensuing within the Pink Bull colliding with the again of the Mercedes. Russell was then given two penalty factors and a five-second penalty for rejoining the monitor in an unsafe method and inflicting a collision with the Perez. 

George Russell, Mercedes F1 W14

George Russell, Mercedes F1 W14

Photograph by: Andy Hone / Motorsport Images

Russell obtained an additional two factors on his tremendous licence after inflicting a collision with Max Verstappen on the Las Vegas Grand Prix. The 2 automobiles made contact on lap 25 after Verstappen went for an inside overtake on Flip 12. There was minor harm to each automobiles, which resulted in a security automobile as a result of particles on the monitor. Stewards determined that Verstappen had “a good portion of the automobile alongside” throughout the nook and that Russell was at fault for the collision. Regardless of the harm, each automobiles have been capable of end the race with Max Verstappen claiming one other victory. 

Rejoining the monitor in an unsafe method, inflicting a collision with Sergio Perez 

Inflicting a collision with Max Verstappen 

Yuki Tsunoda – Three Factors

Yuki Tsunoda was given three points on his super licence during the 2023 season. His first level got here on the Spanish Grand Prix, the place he was discovered to have compelled Zhou Guanyu off the monitor. On lap 56 the Alfa Romeo driver used DRS to problem Tsunoda on the surface of Flip 1 earlier than the pair moved into Flip 2. Stewards dominated that the AlphaTauri driver compelled the Alfa Romeo off at Flip 2, which resulted in Zhou being compelled to take an escape highway earlier than rejoining the circuit. 

Tsunoda was additionally awarded two penalty factors for inflicting a collision with George Russell on the Dutch Grand Prix. The pair got here collectively at Flip 1, which induced harm to the Mercedes’ tyres. Russell revealed on the finish of the race that the collision had led to “large vibrations” within the automobile. 

Forcing Zhou Guanyu off monitor 

Inflicting a collision with George Russell 

Valtteri Bottas – Two factors

Valtteri Bottas was given two penalty factors on his tremendous licence for inflicting a collision with Lance Stroll on the Mexican Grand Prix. The pair went wheel to wheel on lap 67 as Stroll seemed to overhaul Bottas for thirteenth place. The Aston Martin and Alfa Romeo then made contact on the penultimate nook, which despatched Stroll spinning. The Canadian was then compelled to retire his automobile from the race. 

Inflicting a collision with Lance Stroll 

Zhou Guanyu was awarded two penalty points on the Hungarian Grand Prix for inflicting a collision with Daniel Ricciardo. The Chinese language driver had a gradual getaway on the very begin of the race earlier than he crashed into the again of the AlphaTauri, who was braking for Flip 1. This compelled Ricciardo into Estaban Ocon and Pierre Gasly, which noticed each Alpine automobiles retired. Zhou suffered entrance wing harm and completed the race in sixteenth, simply forward of three retired automobiles and Kevin Magnussen in seventeenth. Stewards dominated that the Alfa Romeo driver “merely didn’t decelerate sufficient when approaching the nook, leading to an pointless collision”. 

Inflicting a collision with Daniel Ricciardo 

Nico Hulkenberg – Two factors

Nico Hulkenberg was discovered by the stewards to be at fault for inflicting a collision with Logan Sargeant on the Monaco Grand Prix. The Haas driver tried an opportunistic move on the Mirabeau nook throughout Lap 1, the place he lunged down the within of the Williams. The American driver moved left to keep away from the German on his inside, however the two automobiles ended up making contact.  

Inflicting a collision with Logan Sargeant 

Carlos Sainz – Two factors

Carlos Sainz was given two factors on his tremendous licence as a punishment for inflicting a collision with Fernando Alonso on the Australian Grand Prix. Following the second purple flag race restart, the Ferrari clipped the Aston Martin as they exited Flip 1. Alonso restarted in third place, in entrance of Sainz, the place he moved to the surface of the monitor earlier than reducing again throughout. Sainz clipped the AMR23, which despatched it spinning into the wall. The crash resulted in a 3rd purple flag and the protection automobile to guide the sphere over the road. Sainz was given a five-second penalty however, below security automobile situations, was not allowed to battle to regain positions. 

Carlos Sainz, Ferrari SF-23

Carlos Sainz, Ferrari SF-23

Photograph by: Lionel Ng / Motorsport Images

Inflicting a collision with Fernando Alonso 

Max Verstappen – Two factors

Max Verstappen has two penalty factors on his tremendous licence for forcing Charles Leclerc off the monitor on the start of the Las Vegas Grand Prix. The incident occurred throughout Flip 1 when the Pink Bull pulled alongside the Ferrari as they entered the hairpin. Verstappen ran Leclerc off the sting of the monitor, with the pair arguing that their entrance axles have been forward on the apex. Stewards determined that the Pink Bull was at fault earlier than awarding the Dutch driver a five-second penalty and two factors on his tremendous licence. 

Forcing Charles Leclerc off monitor 

Nyck de Vries – Two factors

Though Nyck de Vries misplaced his F1 seat with AlphaTauri following the British Grand Prix, the motive force nonetheless has unexpired penalty factors on his tremendous licence. De Vries was awarded two factors on his tremendous licence for forcing Kevin Magnussen off the monitor throughout lap 35 of the Austrian Grand Prix. The AlphaTauri driver was combating with the Haas for fifteenth place earlier than Magnussen was compelled into the gravel lure, making him drop to final place. 

It was the second altercation between the pair, after an incident on lap 4. Following a security automobile restart, the Danish driver tried to go spherical the surface of the Dutch driver at flip 4. Magnussen didn’t totally come alongside De Vries who was capable of preserve his line, ensuing within the Haas driver operating into the gravel. 

Forcing Kevin Magnussen off the monitor 

Driver’s penalty factors in 2023

Listed here are what number of penalty factors every driver has in 2023:



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