Greater than 160 world leaders are anticipated to attend the COP28 local weather summit, which begins in Dubai at the moment.
The COP (Convention of the Events) summit brings collectively a broad vary of the most important names in politics, enterprise and local weather activism – however there may be controversy over a number of names on the invite listing.
So who’re a few of the notable individuals attending this yr’s occasion?
Bashar al Assad
“I believe morally it is repugnant,” says Hamish de Bretton-Gordon, a former British Military chemical and organic skilled who has spent a decade investigating Mr Assad’s alleged use of chemical weapons.
“He ought to be arrested in Abu Dhabi, not flaunted on the world stage,” he instructed Sky Information.
Simply two weeks in the past, an international warrant for Mr Assad’s arrest was issued.
Worldwide arrest warrants for serving leaders are exceptionally uncommon, and whereas Mr Assad is unlikely to face trial in France the transfer may have despatched a robust message at a time when some international locations have welcomed him again into the diplomatic fold.
A report by a former Worldwide Felony Court docket decide not too long ago argued Mr Assad should not be invited to this year’s COP28 climate talks due to the environmental destruction he and his regime have triggered.
Syria says its prime minister will lead its workforce at COP28 – and has not indicated if Mr Assad will attend.
Learn extra: What is COP28 and why is it controversial?
Sultan al Jaber, the oil chief
The primary CEO to function COP president, Sultan al Jaber’s appointment raised a number of eyebrows when it was introduced.
Why? He is head of the huge state-run Abu Dhabi Nationwide Oil Co, which produces tens of millions of barrels of oil each day.
Including to the controversy, with COP28 simply days away it was alleged the UAE deliberate to make use of the summit to strike oil and fuel offers.
“These allegations are false, not true, incorrect and never correct,” Mr al Jaber told journalists on Wednesday.
“I promise you by no means ever did I see these speaking factors that they seek advice from or that I ever even used such speaking factors in my discussions.”
US v China? John Kerry and Xie Zhenhua
Former Secretary of State John Kerry (who additionally ran for president in 2004) and Xie Zhenhua are the US and China’s respective local weather envoys.
As representatives of the 2 international locations with the very best carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, numerous eyes will likely be on the pair and the way effectively the 2 superpowers are capable of work collectively.
In local weather negotiations, Beijing argues that rich developed international locations just like the US, the most important historic CO2 emitter, ought to transfer first and quickest in local weather coverage and finance.
Regardless of having the world’s second largest financial system after the US, China considers itself as a creating nation within the local weather talks.
The US helps a deal that might section out CO2-emitting fossil gas use however its delegates will face strain for local weather finance after Washington pledged no new local weather money to the United Nations this yr
Cancelled journey – Pope Francis
Pope Francis, who has been outspoken about local weather change, had to cancel his trip to COP28 on the advice of doctors.
The pontiff warned in October that the world is nearing the “point of no return” and stated the transition to renewable vitality from fossil fuels was not progressing quick sufficient.
He confused the “irreversible” injury beneath technique to the planet and its individuals, including that the world’s poor and most susceptible have been paying the very best value.
In keeping with the Holy See, the Pope nonetheless desires to take part within the local weather summit indirectly.
Microsoft founder Invoice Gates can also be set to be within the UAE for the summit.
Writing on his weblog earlier this week, the billionaire philanthropist stated there may be “extra motive to be optimistic than most individuals realise”.
“But it surely’s nonetheless an enormous problem, and because the world has finite assets for preventing it, we have to deal with the efforts that may save and enhance probably the most lives.
“Which means funding extra improvements that scale back carbon emissions whereas making clear vitality inexpensive for everybody, assist individuals (particularly in poor international locations) survive and thrive in a warming world, and proceed the world’s progress on preventing illness and poverty.”
King Charles will give the opening deal with of this summit on Friday – his first main local weather speech since ascending the throne.
The monarch has devoted a lot of his consideration to the surroundings over the past a number of a long time.
It will likely be the third time that the now-King will ship the opening speech, having accomplished so at Glasgow’s COP26 and at COP21 in Paris.
However this yr’s COP summit comes amid a PR storm for the King after the Dutch translation of a brand new e book in regards to the Royal Household reportedly appeared to call a member of the household who allegedly questioned what color Harry and Meghan’s son Archie’s pores and skin could be when he was born.