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Monday, February 26, 2024

Who’s Guatemala’s new president and may he ship on promised change?

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GUATEMALA CITY — GUATEMALA CITY (AP) — Bernardo Arévalo was sworn in early Monday as Guatemala’s new president.

Many doubted they’d ever see the day as highly effective pursuits aligned towards his anti-corruption marketing campaign and authorities threw numerous authorized challenges at him and his occasion.

Arévalo is now president, however these disputes will proceed and with little help in Congress he shall be hard-pressed to ship the deep adjustments in Guatemalan authorities and society that fueled his help and a shock electoral victory.

He’s thought-about a political average with a background in battle decision, expertise that ought to serve him properly in Guatemala’s present polarization.

Arévalo is the 65-year-old son of former Guatemalan President Juan José Arévalo.

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The elder Arévalo was credited with implementing basic protections for employees and areas for the nation’s Indigenous inhabitants. Bernardo Arévalo was born in Uruguay, the place his father was in exile following the ouster in a 1954 CIA-backed coup of his successor, President Jacobo Árbenz, whom the U.S. noticed as a menace in the course of the Chilly Conflict.

He got here to Guatemala as a youngster earlier than leaving once more to proceed his research abroad. Arévalo studied sociology and anthropology overseas in Israel and the Netherlands, served as Guatemala’s ambassador to Spain, and for years labored in Geneva for the nongovernmental group Interpeace.

He held a wide range of roles there, however amongst his contributions was pioneering the group’s peacebuilding work in Central America.

Arévalo returned to Guatemala and ultimately was a part of the founding of the Seed Motion occasion. Those that know him — and it seems in his intensive educational writings — say Arévalo is a political average, although in Guatemala’s distorted political spectrum he was painted by opponents as a radical leftist. He was elected to Congress in 2019 for the Seed Motion occasion that ultimately carried him to the presidency.

Following his second-place end within the first spherical of voting final June, Arévalo appeared as stunned as everybody else.

He hadn’t been polling among the many high half-dozen candidates earlier than the election, however his message of change, battling corruption and an optimism about Guatemala’s potential resonated amongst a portion of the disaffected inhabitants.

In an interview, after that vote, Arévalo stated that if he ultimately gained the presidency in a runoff, the manager department would stop to be the supply of “that basic lubricant of the corrupt system.” As a substitute, his administration would give attention to battling corruption and recovering co-opted establishments.

Early Monday, Arévalo stated in a speech that “the political disaster from which we’re rising gives us a singular alternative to construct an establishment, a democratic, realist and wholesome democratic unity on the rubble of this wall of corruption that we’re starting to take down brick by brick.”

Arévalo additionally talked in regards to the “historic debt” that Guatemala owes to its Indigenous peoples. He stated he would broaden Guatemalan’s entry to health care and schooling, and work towards the nation’s continued growth.

“Essentially the most essential and pressing problem no doubt is local weather change,” he stated Monday.

Most instantly, the continued authorized persecution by Lawyer Common Consuelo Porras will proceed to attract Arévalo’s consideration and energies.

Her workplace is pursuing a number of investigations of him — for allegedly encouraging the monthslong takeover of a public college by college students — and his occasion — for the way it gathered the signatures required to kind years earlier.

Porras’ time period extends to 2026. Arévalo has stated he would ask her to resign, however he cannot take away her from her place underneath Guatemala’s separation of powers.

Additionally unclear is what those that actually maintain the financial energy in Guatemala and the more and more highly effective drug traffickers who management dozens of native and federal politicians will do when Arévalo tries to dismantle their corrupt networks.

Arévalo has stated he desires to deliver again the prosecutors and judges who had led the battle towards corruption till Porras turned the justice system towards them, forcing them into exile.

Within the medium time period, Guatemala has deep structural issues. Intense poverty and a scarcity of employment alternatives proceed to drive excessive numbers of Guatemalans to to migrate to the US. The poorest are additionally essentially the most weak to the intensifying drought and flood cycles made worse by local weather change.



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