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Who will not take away the job of artificial intelligence? List of 20 professions that are “safe”

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The dynamic development of technology and progressing automation mean that many people could already be pushed out of the labor market by artificial intelligence. There are forecasts that 85 million jobs will disappear in the near future. Which of the existing professions are least at risk?

The emergence of the GPT chatbot, i.e. an artificial intelligence that generates text answers, has provoked many questions about changes in the labor market. Those professions whose essence is content creation are to be at risk. Industries that may soon be revolutionized by artificial intelligence include, among others, IT employees, journalists, copywriters and market analysts.

Who can not be afraid of losing their job in the coming years? The European Center for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP), an institute dealing with vocational education and training in the European Union, has developed an indicator of future employment needs, which allows you to estimate the total number of vacancies in individual occupations in the period until 2030. The indicated data is the sum of all vacancies that will be created as a result of the need to replace existing employees and the need to fill newly created jobs.

20 professions with the most jobs by 2030

According to the report “Brains instead of muscles: the future of work in Europe”, drawn up by the European Center for the Development of Vocational Training, the largest number of jobs in total by 2030 will appear for middle-level employees in the field of business or administration, employees in the sales sector and cleaners and domestic help. The list of the 20 professions in which the greatest demand for employees is expected includes:

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Average office staff (estimated demand: 7.5 million jobs)

Vendors (estimated demand: 5.9 million)

Service workers (estimated demand: 4.8 million)

Teaching professionals (estimated demand: 4.7 million)

Cleaners and domestic help (estimated demand: 4.7 million)

Office professionals (estimated demand: 4 million)

Drivers and vehicle operators (estimated demand: 3.9 million)

Construction workers (estimated demand: 3.6 million)

Science and engineering specialists (estimated demand: 3.4 million)

Lawyers and social workers (estimated demand: 3.4 million)

Scientists and engineers (estimated demand: 3.4 million)

Health professionals (estimated demand: 3.3 million)

Care workers (estimated demand: 3.2 million)

Specialists in the field of law and social sciences (estimated demand: 3.2 million)

Mid-level medical staff (estimated demand: 2.7 million)

Customer advisors (estimated demand: 2.7 million)

Technical staff (estimated demand: 2.4 million)

Accountants (estimated demand: 2.2 million)

Workers in the metal and machine industry (estimated demand: 2.1 million)

Technical managers (estimated demand: 2 million)

In publishing the estimates, CEDEFOP stressed that they are potentially subject to a margin of error and should be “treated as indicative”.

Forecasts of the World Economic Forum

Artificial intelligence is not only to “take away jobs from people, but also to create new ones. The World Economic Forum published in 2020 report estimating that by 2025, 85 million jobs could be displaced by machines taking over people’s responsibilities, while at the same time technological innovation could create 97 million new jobs “more suited to the new division of labor between people, machines and algorithms ” – we read in the report.

What could influence this growth? According to the “Harvard Business Review” two factors. “The more computers are trained to perform repetitive tasks that are often assigned to lower-level employees, the more roles focused on complex tasks with competitive salaries will be created in their place,” the American magazine predicted in 2021. ‘This means that young professionals may have a wider range of interesting opportunities to choose from.’

AI artificial intelligenceShutterstock

The second factor is supposed to be the issue of competitiveness: people who are just entering the labor market usually have difficulty getting into higher positions with better salaries. “This disadvantage disappears as new roles are created – ones that have not been played before. Younger employees will be less likely to be forced to compete with older ones and more likely to be pioneers,” predicted the Harvard Business Review in 2021.

SEE ALSO: The average salary of Poles. This is how much we earned on average in 2022

CEDEFOP, World Economic Forum, Harvard Business Review, The Economic Times

Main photo source: Shutterstock



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