I’ve been considerably uncertain of what to make about The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times’ reports about textual content messages, despatched on Sign, between rivals Changpeng “CZ” Zhao and Sam Bankman-Fried across the time FTX went up in smoke. That’s as a result of I’m not fully certain who leaked them or who stands to learn. However I’m fairly certain somebody leaked to each of these retailers as a result of the stories went up inside hours of one another. So somebody desires everybody to find out about this!
As a result of I don’t perceive what’s occurring, I’m going to stroll by means of these two tales, that are the identical in broad brushstrokes, suggesting that the sourcing was comparable. (As longtime readers know, reidentifying anonymous sources is one in all my favourite video games, although it’s often performed inside the confines of my very own cranium.) Right here’s what stands proud.
So I assume I’ll begin with the factor that raised my eyebrows: a bunch chat the Journal stories was known as “Change coordination.” What?
Like, okay, we have now Zhao and Bankman-Fried, okay. Additionally in these chats, per the Journal, have been Tether’s Paolo Ardoino, Tron’s Justin Solar, and Kraken co-founder Jesse Powell. That’s one hell of a bunch chat.
I imply, don’t get me fallacious, I think JPMorgan CEO Jamie Dimon has Goldman Sachs CEO David Solomon’s telephone quantity and that each of them in all probability have Wells Fargo CEO Charles Scharf’s telephone quantity, too. I guess any of them can name Citi CEO Jane Fraser every time they need! However I don’t suppose they’re all sitting in a bunch chat known as “large financial institution coordination,” not least as a result of that’s the form of factor that works antitrust attorneys right into a lather.
Probably the most charitable clarification for “Change coordination,” I assume, is that it’s crypto’s ersatz model of one thing like Swift, which is a messaging platform in spite of everything. It simply seems to be awfully humorous.
The subsequent factor that caught out to me was Tether. I’ve a longstanding fascination with Tether, not least as a result of its execs hold occurring CNBC to embarrass themselves. (It’s humorous each time!) On this case, it stands out as a result of it’s a stablecoin, and Bankman-Fried has some historical past with stablecoins. Specifically, The New York Occasions beforehand reported that the feds are looking into his firm’s Terra / Luna trades to see in the event that they have been market manipulation.
A lot of the promote orders on Terra, the algorithmic stablecoin that depegged, got here from FTX’s sister firm Alameda Analysis — which additionally had shorted Luna. The loss of life spiral on the tokens led to a massive amount of market contagion, taking down — amongst others — Three Arrows Capital, Celsius, and Babel Finance.
Two issues stand out to me right here. The primary is that, hilariously, the contagion doubtless was a part of how Alameda and FTX fell, as folks panicked. However the second is far much less humorous: FTX was listing Terra / Luna as Alameda traded in opposition to them. That sucks for retail buyers, man.
“The extra harm you do now, the extra jail time.”
Within the chat on November tenth, Tether’s Ardoino “expressed considerations that Alameda was attempting to push down the value of Tether and drag different cryptocurrencies with it,” the Journal stories. Tether is a significant token used broadly in crypto — ought to one thing occur to it, a number of the business is in large hassle.
“Cease now, don’t trigger extra harm,” Zhao wrote within the chat to Bankman-Fried, in response to The New York Occasions. “The extra harm you do now, the extra jail time.” He additionally pointed to a commerce of $250,000 by Alameda and claimed it was meant to destabilize Tether.
Bizarre declare, on its face. A commerce of $250,000 in Tether is like, a Tuesday. However! The allegations about Alameda’s Terra / Luna trades don’t recommend one large commerce however a number of small ones. The Wall Avenue Journal cites “an individual near Alameda” saying that the trades have been geared toward “closing down positions and returning cash to lenders.” I don’t know who the supply on that was, nevertheless it’s not exterior of the realm of chance it’s Bankman-Fried himself since that clarification does profit him and, as I feel we’ve all found, he has a killer case of “can’t shut the fuck up”-itis.
Additionally, for the file, Bankman-Fried advised each the Occasions and the Journal that “to my information neither myself nor Alameda has ever tried to deliberately depeg Tether or another stablecoins.”
My preliminary impulse is that the chats right here may need been leaked by Bankman-Fried — because of the aforementioned “can’t shut the fuck up”-itis. I’m simply undecided what the motive right here could be. Shifting blame away from himself as the only real dangerous actor to a bigger group of business gamers? In any case, revealing the existence of the group chat doesn’t make sense for a lot of the contributors.
Bolstering that suspicion is the byline on the Occasions story: David Yaffe-Bellany, who wrote a narrative again in November that exposed Bankman-Fried was sleeping just fine after the collapse of his empire.
Then again, the emphasis on stablecoins appears unusual to me. Zhao’s trade, Binance, booted a lot of stablecoins — Circle’s USDC, the Paxos greenback, and TrueUSD — in favor of its personal, BUSD, which is issued in partnership with Paxos. In the meantime, Coinbase has recommended that anyone who’s using Tether should use USDC instead. We all know from the autumn of FTX that Zhao will ruthlessly kneecap rivals because the revelations about FTX’s true monetary state got here after Zhao introduced he’d flood the market with FTX’s FTT token. So there’s a chance that the supply on these chats is Zhao himself, trying to make Bankman-Fried look even worse.
In actual fact, Zhao publicly chastised Kevin O’Leary, the investor and Shark Tank star, for defending Bankman-Fried just this morning. If the chats make Bankman-Fried look uniquely dangerous amongst his friends, Zhao seems to be good by comparability.
Somebody is enjoying with fireplace right here, and I don’t know who
There’s a 3rd, exterior chance. Caroline Ellison was the CEO of Alameda when all of this was occurring. Given the coordination between Bankman-Fried and Alameda, I think she was conscious of this chat — no matter whether or not she was in it. She loses nothing from making everybody else look worse. She additionally suits the invoice for “an individual near Alameda” as cited in The Wall Avenue Journal.
As for the chance that one other participant within the chats — Ardoino, Solar, or Powell — leaked them, I’m uncertain. These gamers all stand to lose from revealing coordination between exchanges. Plus, the chats make Tether look very weak. As a result of it performs such a key function in crypto, kicking it over would doubtless set off a fair greater meltdown than what we’ve already seen. However who is aware of! If I’ve discovered one factor over the past yr, it’s that crypto is filled with extremely chaotic drama queens.
Somebody is enjoying a harmful sport, and I don’t know who. What I do know is that the elephants are dancing the tarantella, and if I have been a mouse within the crypto business, I’d do my finest to remain out of the best way.