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Why does Russia need tactical nuclear weapons in Belarus?

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The announcement by Russian President Vladimir Putin that he intends to deploy tactical nuclear weapons on the territory of Belarus seems to be one other try to lift the stakes within the battle in Ukraine.

It follows Putin’s warnings that Moscow is able to use “all obtainable means,” to fend off assaults on Russian territory, a reference to its nuclear arsenal.

A have a look at Putin’s assertion and its implications:


Putin stated President Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus has lengthy urged Moscow to station its nuclear weapons in his nation, which has shut army ties with Russia and was a staging floor for the invasion of neighboring Ukraine on Feb. 24, 2022.

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Russia already has helped modernize Belarusian warplanes to make them able to carrying nuclear weapons — one thing that Belarus’ authoritarian chief has repeatedly talked about.

In remarks broadcast Saturday, Putin stated the speedy set off for the deployment of Russia’s tactical nuclear weapons to Belarus was Britain’s choice to supply Ukraine with armor-piercing shells containing depleted uranium. Putin toned down his language after first falsely claiming that such rounds have nuclear elements, however he insisted they pose a further hazard to the civilian inhabitants and will contaminate the setting.

Putin additionally stated that by stationing tactical nuclear weapons in Belarus, Russia will probably be doing what the US has performed for many years by placing its nuclear weapons in Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Turkey. He alleged the Russian transfer doesn’t violate a global treaty banning the proliferation of nuclear weapons, despite the fact that Moscow has argued earlier than that the U.S. has breached the pact by deploying them on the territory of its NATO allies.

Putin’s transfer contrasted with an announcement he and Chinese language President Xi Jinping issued after their talks within the Kremlin final week, which spoke towards nuclear powers deploying atomic weapons outdoors their territories, in an obvious jab at the US.


Tactical nuclear weapons are meant to destroy enemy troops and weapons on the battlefield. They’ve a comparatively quick vary and a a lot decrease yield than nuclear warheads fitted to long-range strategic missiles which might be able to obliterating entire cities.

In contrast to the strategic weapons, which have been topic to arms management agreements between Moscow and Washington, the tactical weapons by no means have been restricted by any such pacts, and Russia hasn’t launched any numbers in its arsenal or different specifics associated to them.

The U.S. authorities believes Russia has about 2,000 tactical nuclear weapons, which embody bombs that may be carried by plane, warheads for short-range missiles and artillery rounds.

Whereas strategic nuclear weapons are fitted to land- or submarine-based intercontinental ballistic missiles which might be continuously prepared for launch, tactical nuclear weapons are saved at a couple of tightly guarded storage amenities in Russia, and it takes time to ship them to fight items.

Some Russian hawks lengthy have urged the Kremlin to ship a warning to the West by shifting some tactical nuclear weapons nearer to the plane and missiles meant to ship them.


Putin stated Russia already has helped improve 10 Belarusian plane to permit them to hold nuclear weapons and their crews will begin coaching to make use of them from April 3. He famous Russia additionally has given Belarus the Iskander short-range missile techniques that may be fitted with typical or nuclear warheads.

He stated the development of storage amenities for nuclear weapons in Belarus will probably be accomplished by July 1. He didn’t say what number of nuclear weapons will probably be stationed there or when they are going to be deployed.

Putin emphasised that Russia will retain management over any nuclear weapons deployed to Belarus, similar to the U.S. controls its tactical nuclear weapons on the territory of its NATO allies.

If Moscow sends nuclear weapons to Belarus, it’ll mark their first deployment outdoors Russian borders for the reason that early Nineties. Belarus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan inherited large nuclear arsenals after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 however agreed to ship them to Russia within the following years.


Together with his newest assertion, Putin once more is dangling the nuclear risk to sign Moscow’s readiness to escalate the struggle in Ukraine.

The deployment of tactical nuclear weapons to Belarus, which has a 1,084-kilometer (673-mile) border with Ukraine, would permit Russian plane and missiles to succeed in potential targets there extra simply and rapidly if Moscow decides to make use of them. It will additionally lengthen Russia’s functionality to focus on a number of NATO members in Japanese and Central Europe.

The transfer comes as Kyiv is poised for a counteroffensive to reclaim territory occupied by Russia.

Dmitry Medvedev, deputy head of Russia’s Safety Council, warned final week that makes an attempt by Ukraine to reclaim management over Crimea was a risk to “the very existence of the Russian state,” one thing that warrants a nuclear response underneath the nation’s safety doctrine. Russia illegally annexed Crimea from Ukraine in 2014.

“Each day of supplying Western weapons to Ukraine makes the nuclear apocalypse nearer,” Medvedev stated.

Ukrainian army analyst Oleh Zhdanov stated Putin’s aim is to discourage Ukraine’s Western allies from offering Kyiv with extra weapons forward of any counteroffensive.

Putin is “utilizing nuclear blackmail in a bid to affect the scenario on the battlefield and power Western companions to scale back provides of weapons and tools underneath the specter of nuclear escalation,” Zhdanov stated. “The Belarusian nuclear balcony will probably be looming over not solely Ukraine, however Europe as properly, creating a continuing risk, elevating tensions and rattling the nerves of Ukrainians and their Western companions.”


Ukraine has responded to Putin’s transfer by calling for an emergency assembly of the U.N. Safety Council.

“The world have to be united towards somebody who endangers the way forward for human civilization,” the Ukrainian Overseas Ministry stated.

White Home Nationwide Safety Council spokesman John Kirby stated Monday that U.S. officers “haven’t seen any motion of any tactical nuclear weapons or something of that sort” since Putin’s announcement on Belarus. He has stated Washington has seen nothing to immediate a change in its strategic deterrent posture.

NATO rejects Putin’s declare that Russia solely is doing what the U.S. has performed for many years, saying the Western allies act with full respect of their worldwide commitments.

“Russia’s nuclear rhetoric is harmful and irresponsible,” NATO spokesperson Oana Lungescu stated, including that the alliance hasn’t but seen any change in Russia’s nuclear posture.

Lithuania, which borders Belarus, described Putin’s assertion as “yet one more try by two unpredictable dictatorial regimes to threaten their neighbors and your entire European continent,” calling them “determined strikes by Putin and Lukashenko to create one other wave of rigidity and destabilization in Europe.”


Aamer Madhani in Washington and Yuras Karmanau in Tallinn, Estonia contributed to this report.


Observe AP’s protection of the struggle in Ukraine at https://apnews.com/hub/russia-ukraine

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