Wind energy is developing in the European Union. How does Poland fare in this context?


The European Union is trying to carry out a far-reaching energy transformation. Not only for climate protection, but also for improving energy security – by becoming independent from the import of raw materials. The effects are visible – in Denmark, more than half of electricity production comes from wind farms. In other countries, these indicators are also getting higher. And how does Poland fare against this background?

Wind is a clean, free and easily accessible renewable energy source. In 2030, it could help reduce carbon dioxide emissions in Europe by 270 million tonnes – the equivalent of annual CO2 emissions in Spain. Wind meets 16 percent of the EU’s electricity demand. The leaders in the production of energy from wind are Denmark, Portugal, Germany and Spain. Poland is about halfway down the list. In 2022, wind farms in our country were responsible for the production of 11 percent of energy. – If we compare it with the total production of renewable energy sources, its share in electricity production, i.e. about 20 percent, we will see that wind is responsible for about half of our production. Of course, if we had not introduced restrictions, we would now be in a much better situation – says Robert Tomaszewski, economic and energy analyst, Polityka Insight.

What might be the costs of Poland’s energy transformation?Facts about the World TVN24 BiS

The future of energy

The number of windmills in the EU countries increases every year. Most of them are installed on land. In 2022, most of them appeared in Germany, Sweden and Finland. Poland was also among the leaders. Importantly, this is the result of investments for which permits were issued before 2016, i.e. before the entry into force of the so-called the Distance Act, which excluded 98 percent of Poland’s territory from onshore wind farm investments. – This rule has been liberalized. Now we have 700 meters and it is still too much to be able to say that this type of technology can be developed further, and we need to develop it if we want to meet the EU’s emission reduction goals – emphasizes Robert Tomaszewski .

READ MORE: Minister Wójcik about windmills: they may be harmful to health. Scientists: There is no convincing evidence

Wind energy provides 300,000 jobs in Europe and contributes EUR 42 billion to the EU’s GDP. According to WindEurope, the development of wind energy is supported by up to 80 percent of Europeans who live near wind farms.

Today, renewable sources account for 39 percent of energy production in the European Union. The EU wants 42.5 percent of energy to come from renewable energy sources by 2030.

Author:Justyna Kazimierczak

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