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Windmill Act 10H. The Instrat Foundation on the PiS amendment – means the loss of almost half of the space for wind turbines

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The amendment to the Wind Farm Act was passed in the Sejm. The regulations stipulate that the minimum distance between a windmill and buildings is to be 700 meters, and not 500 meters as originally proposed. The Instrat Foundation estimated that such a change means that 47 percent less of Poland’s area will be available for wind investments compared to the first version of the government’s proposal.

Last week, the Sejm adopted an amendment to the Wind Farm Act. Working in the lower house Law and Justice tabled an amendment that sets the minimum distance between windmills and buildings at 700 meters, not 500 meters. The legislation will now go to the Senate. The amendments to the Wind Farm Act, otherwise known as 10H, are one of the milestones that Poland is to complete in order to meet the requirements of the Recovery and Resilience Facility to mobilize funds from the National Recovery Plan.

The act as adopted by the Sejm provides that new wind turbines may be located only on the basis of the Local Spatial Development Plan (LSDP). The minimum distance of residential buildings from the windmill is to be 700 meters. The basis for determining the minimum distance – between 10 times the maximum height of the turbine (rule 10H) and 700 meters for residential buildings will be, among others, results of the strategic environmental impact assessment (SEA) carried out under the MPZP.

The Act retains the 10H rule for national parks and the 500 meter limit for nature reserves.

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Amendment of the Wind Farm Act – 500 and 700 meters

According to the Instrat Foundation, the act in this form is not a “true liberalization of the 10H principle”. “In practice, due to the change in the required distance and other modifications to the wind investment process, the adoption of the amendment in its current form will not only cut the wind potential in Poland by half, but will also significantly delay or paralyze many already prepared investments. in the 700-meter variant, it will drastically slow down the pace of decarbonisation of the Polish energy sector and increase our bill for imported fossil fuels.

Instrat, based on the data of the Central Office of Geodesy and Cartography and the Forest Data Bank, estimated the area available for wind investments in Poland. Calculations were prepared for individual provinces in two variants – 500 and 700 meters. The analysis shows that due to the introduced amendment, the area for wind investments will be 14,500 m2, and not 27,371 m2 as it would be in the case of the limit of 500 meters.

Dolnośląskie Voivodships – 1658 m2 and Zachodniopomorskie Voivodships – 1542 m2 have the greatest potential for investments. “Even in Lubuskie, the least affected by this change, replacing 500 meters with 700 meters means a reduction of the available space by 31 percent. Other voivodeships where the impact of the amendment will be relatively small are the Opolskie and Zachodniopomorskie voivodships. wind farm will shrink by nearly one-third.


The think tank pointed out that “the difference between 500 and 700 meters doesn’t seem to be significant.” “Only that this distance increases the radius of the circle around each residential building, in which turbines are not allowed. This means that this difference of 200 meters translates into the squared amount of excluded space in which the area of ​​the circle is calculated, not in a linear relationship.”

Instrat provided an example according to which one house, assuming the required distance of 500 meters, excludes 79 hectares from investment. At 700 meters – as much as 154 hectares.

Main photo source: Shutterstock

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