On the streets of Zamość (Lubelskie), during the tourist season, you will be able to see two guidebooks and two guides dressed in costumes modeled on those in which historical figures have been immortalized. Among them is Jan Sobiepan Zamoyski, with whom the legend of the “buffet” is associated, or Teresa Aniela Zamoyska née Michowska. That is the founder of the triangular chapel in Stróża near Kraśnik.
– When it comes to sewing, I am a self-taught person. It all started about eleven years ago, when I was helping my mother, who is an amateur seamstress, in preparing costumes for one of the editions of the Lublin Science Festival. I tried to sew something, but I did not manage to do it yet – smiles Dominika Lipska, historian and president of the Tourism with Passion Association.
As part of the artistic scholarship of the mayor of Zamość, she made four costumes inspired by characters related to the history of the city. In doing so, she used patterns from the period and modeled on old portraits. The costumes look as if they were “taken out” from the paintings.
They are made primarily of cotton and silk
– I sewed two costumes for women and two for men. During the tourist season, I will wear such clothes – together with a friend and two colleagues from the association – she showed visitors around Zamość – our interlocutor points out.
She adds that when trying to reproduce costumes from the period, she used not only portraits of characters, but also publications from London museums specializing in fashion.
– There you can find very important tips for seamstresses. The costumes, on the other hand, are made primarily of cotton and silk. That is, materials that were used in the 17th and 18th centuries – emphasizes Dominika Lipska.
Jan Zamoyski’s career “from zero to a millionaire”
She played Anna Zamoyska née Gnińska, friend Sylwia Jagoda – Teresa Aniela Zamoyska née Michowska, Jacek Bełz – Jan Sobiepan Zamoyski, and Grzegorz Łapiński – Jan Zamoyski.
– The most famous figure of the four is, of course, Jan Zamoyski, who lived in the years 1542-1605 – the founder of Zamość, from 1578 the chancellor and from 1581 the Grand Hetman of the Crown, who – as we would say today – made a career from zero to millionaire. When he returned to Poland after his studies, his family belonged to the middle class nobility. When he died, after having held important positions with the four kings, he was one of the most famous magnates of the Commonwealth. He was remembered as a man with extraordinary horizons and many talents – says our interlocutor.
Jan Sobiepan Zamoyski and the legend of the “buffet”
Jan Sobiepan Zamoyski (1627-1665) was the grandson of Jan Zamoyski and the first husband of Maria Kazimiera de la Grange d’Arquien “Marysieńka” – the future wife of King Jan III Sobieski.
– You should know that Jan Sobiepan was among the magnates who remained loyal to the king during the Swedish deluge. He became famous for not allowing Swedes to enter Zamość, which is related to the legend of the origins of the Swedish table – smiles the historian.
Well, in 1656, when the troops of the Swedish king Charles Gustav stood in front of the walls of Zamość, the fortress – despite continuous shelling – did not give up.
– Karol Gustaw, who arrived a little later than his army, then resorted to deception. He informed Zamoyski that he did not want to conquer the city, because he was just passing through, but he would nevertheless like to eat a farewell breakfast in the fortress walls. Sobiepan was not fooled, but his hospitality made him accept the king. So he ordered the tables to be taken outside the walls of the fortress and gourmet food to be placed on them. However, so that the king and his retinue would not sit down, no benches or chairs were put at the tables. Hence, the guests had to eat standing, holding the plates in their hands, which was the source of the term “buffet” – says our interlocutor.
The male courage of Anna Zamoyska née Gnińska
Another figure whose mapped outfit can be seen on the streets of Zamość is Anna Zamoysk née Gnińska (ca. 1655–1704), who was the wife of the fourth city governor – Marcin Zamoyski.
She was said to have male courage and a strong character. After her husband’s death, she and her son Tomasz Józef defended Zamość against the Swedish invasion during the Third Northern War, says Dominika Lipska.
Teresa Aniela Zamoyska née Michowska and the palace in Klemensów
The wife of the ordinate – this time the seventh Tomasz Zamoyski, was also Teresa Aniela Zamoyska née Michowska (ca. 1720-1771).
– Teresa supervised the construction of the palace in Klemensów, which was returned to the Zamoyski family a few years ago. An interesting fact is that the Oscar-winning “Ida” was filmed there. Teresa also funded a very interesting chapel in Stróża near Kraśnik, built on a triangular plan – says the historian.
Apart from the fact that the costumes will be used by guides, they can be seen in the casemates of the Bastion II of the Zamość fortress, where the exhibition “Fashionable Zamość – 440 years of Zamość fashion” is located.
During the tourist season, you will be able to meet guides and guides on the streets of Zamość
Main photo source: Kazimierz Chmiel / Tourism with Passion Association